Monarchies of Europe

The Fate of the Romanovs in 1918/1919



(I freely acknowledge that the information on this Web page was reproduced from an article written by Professor Kent Sole, Department of Political Science at Georgia Southwestern State University in Americus, Georgia. It originally appeared in the Imperial Russian Journal, Volume Two, Number One, 1995 .This article was further edited and updated by Ivor Paul Gilbert, Web Site Administrator, Royal Russia – the URL for the source of the article can be found at http://www.angelfire.com/pa/ImperialRussian/royalty/russia/survivor.html . The only amendment made to the information is in the production of the tables shown which link back to my Web Page on the genealogy of the Russian Royal family)

The fate of Russia's last Imperial Family is well known throughout the world. But what ever became of the other members of the Imperial House of Russia after the Empire was swallowed up by the Bolshevik Revolution?

When Emperor Nicholas II abdicated the Russian Throne in March of 1917 there were fifty-three Romanovs living in Russia. One of these, the Grand Duke Nicholas Constantinovich died of natural causes at Tashkent in February 1918. Of the remaining fifty-two, seventeen were murdered by the Bolsheviks! The remaining thirty-five members of the family all escaped by various methods narrowly managing to escape the same fate as their relatives.

In addition to the thirty-five full-fledged members of the family, there were also a number of quasi-Romanovs resulting from morganatic marriages of various male members of the family. Of these, only Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley and the Prince Artemi Nicholaievich were murdered.

Several notes of explanation are necessary before proceeding. Only the children and grandchildren of Emperors bore the title of Grand Duke or Grand Duchess while the great-grandchildren of an Emperor bore the title of Prince or Princess of the Imperial Blood. The second name of an individual simply indicates the name of his or her father. Therefore, Vladimir Kyrilovich means Vladimir son of Kyril; Marie Vlaidimirovna means Marie daughter of Vladimir.

At the time of the Revolution the Romanov family was divided into four large branches--the Alexandrovichi, including the Vladimirovich and Pavlovich sub-branches; the Constantinovichi; the Nicholaievichi; and the Mikhailovichi. Each was descended from the four sons of Emperor Nicholas I. This examination of The Survivors begins with those members of the family that did not survive the Revolution
.

Those Murdered

REFERENCE (1)

REFERENCE (2)

 

TITLE

NAME

COMMENTS

1 4.9131 Emperor Nicholas II  
2 4.9131 Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, Wife of Emperor Nicholas II and a former Princess of Hesse and by Rhine
4 4.91311 Grand Duchess Olga Nicholaievna  
5 4.91312 Grand Duchess Tatiana Nicholaievna  
6 4.91313 Grand Duchess Maria Nicholaievna  
7 4.91314 Grand Duchess Anastasia Nicholaievna  
3 4.91315 Tzarevich Alexis Nicholaievich  
8 4.9135 Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich  
9 4.917 Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna Wife of Grand Duke Serge and a former Princess of Hesse and by Rhine
14 4.918 Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich  
  4.9183 Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley Prince Vladimir Pavlovich Paley is a quasi-Romanov due to the morganatic marriage of his father Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich
  4.961 Grand Duke Nicholas Constantinovich Grand Duke Nicholas Constantinovich died of natural causes in 1918 - Some sources however indicate that he was executed by the Bolsheviks.
  4.9611 Prince Artemi Nicholaievich Prince Artemi Nicholaievich is a quasi-Romanov due to the morganatic marriage of his father Grand Duke Nicholas Constantinovich
11 4.9641 Prince Ioann Constantinovich  

13

4.9644

Prince

Constantine Constantinovich

 

12

4.9646

Prince

Igor Constantinovich

 

15

4.965

Grand Duke

Dmitri Constantinovich

 

16

4.981

Grand Duke

Nicholas Mikhailovich

 

17

4.984

Grand Duke

George Mikhailovich

 

10

4.986

Grand Duke

Sergei Mikhailovich

 
Note: Reference (1) refers to the numbering system in the article by Professor Kent Sole
      Reference (2) refers to the numbering system adopted on my Web Pages on the genealogy of
      Royal Families (e.g. 4.**** = Russian Royal family)

The Survivors

REFERENCE (1)

REFERENCE (2)

 

TITLE

NAME

COMMENTS

17

4.913

Dowager Empress

Marie Feodorovna

Wife of Emperor Alexander III and a former Princess of Denmark

18

4.9134

Grand Duchess

Xenia Alexandrovna

 

33

4.9136

Grand Duchess

Olga Alexandrovna

 

34

4.914

Grand Duchess

Marie Pavlovna (the elder)

Wife of Grand Duke Vladmir Alexanrovich and a former Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schewrin

1

4.9142

Grand Duke

Kyril Vladimirovich

 

2

4.9142

Grand Duchess

Victoria Feodorovna

Wife of Grand Duke Kyril Vladimirovich and a former Princess of Great Britain

3

4.91421

Princess

Marie Kyrilovna

Later created Grand Duchess

4

4.91422

Princess

Kira Kyrilovna

Later created Grand Duchess

16

4.9143

Grand Duke

Boris Vladimirovich

 

35

4.9144

Grand Duke

Andrei Vladimirovich

 

11

4.9181

Grand Duchess

Marie Pavlovna

 

13

4.962

Grand Duchess

Olga Constantinovna

Wife of King George I of Greece

6

4.964

Grand Duchess

Elizabeth Mavrikievna

Wife of Grand Duke Constantine Constanavich and a former Princess of Saxe-Altenburg

12

4.9641

Princess

Helen Petrovna

Wife of Prince Ivan Constanvich and a former Princess of Serbia

9

4.96411

Prince

Vsevelod Ioannovich

 

10

4.96412

Princess

Katherine Ioannovna

Princess Katherine Ioannovna was the last surviving member of the Russian Imperial Family born before the Revolution

5

4.9642

Prince

Gabriel Constantinovich

 

32

4.9643

Princess

Tatiana Constantinovna

 

7

4.9647

Prince

George Constantinovich

 

8

4.9649

Princess

Vera Constantinovich

 

25

4.971

Grand Duke

Nicholas Nicholaievich

 

26

4.971

Grand Duchess

Anastasia Nicholaievna

Wife of Grand Duke Nicholas Nicholaievich and a former Princess of Montenegro

27

4.972

Grand Duke

Peter Nicholaievich

 

28

4.972

Grand Duchess

Militza Nicholaievna

Wife of Grand Duke Peter Nicholaievich and a former Princess of Montenegro

30

4.9721

Princess

Marina Petrovna

 

29

4.9722

Prince

Roman Petrovich

 

31

4.9723

Princess

Nadejda Petrovna

 

14

4.985

Grand Duke

Alexander Mikhailovich

 

19

4.9851

Princess

Irina Alexandrovna Yussoupova

 

15

4.9852

Prince

Andrew Alexandrovich

 

20.

4.9853

Prince

Feodor Alexandrovich

 

21

4.9854

Prince

Nikita Alexandrovich

 

22

4.9855

Prince

Dmitri Alexandrovich

 

23

4.9856

Prince

Rostislav Alexandrovich

 

24

4.9857

Prince

Vassily Alexandrovich

 
Note: Reference (1) refers to the numbering system in the article by Professor Kent Sole
      Reference (2) refers to the numbering system adopted on my Web Pages on the genealogy of
      Royal Families (e.g. 4.**** = Russian Royal family)

An additional eight Romanovs were living abroad at the time of the Revolution

REFERENCE (1)

REFERENCE (2)

 

TITLE

NAME

COMMENTS

H

4.9145

Grand Duchess

Helen Vladimirovna

 

F

4.916

Grand Duchess

Marie Alexandrovna

 

A

4.9182

Grand Duke

Dmitri Pavlovich

 

G

4.982

Grand Duchess

Anastasia Mikhailovna

 

B

4.983

Grand Duke

Michael Mikhailovich

 

C

4.984

Grand Duchess

Marie Georgevna

The widow of the murdered Grand Duke George Mikhailovich and a former Princess of Greece

D

4.9841

Princess

Nina Georgevna

 

E

4.9842

Princess

Xenia Georgevna

 
Note: Reference (1) refers to the numbering system in the article by Professor Kent Sole
      Reference (2) refers to the numbering system adopted on my Web Pages on the genealogy of
      Royal Families (e.g. 4.**** = Russian Royal family)

There were also several morganatic wives and children of various members of the

Imperial Family that escaped or were living abroad at the time of the Revolution

 

REFERENCE (1) REFERENCE (2)   TITLE NAME COMMENTS
a 4.91 Princess Katherine Mikhailovna Jurievska The widow of Emperor Alexander II

b

4.91J

Princess

Olga Alexandrovna

 

c

4.91L

Princess

Katherine Alexandrovna

 

d

4.9135

Countess

Natalie Sergeievna Brassova

The widow of the murdered Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich

e

4.91351

Prince

George Mikhailovich Brassov

 

f.

4.918

Princess

Olga Valerianovna Paley

The widow of the murdered Grand Duke Paul Alexandrovich

g

4.9184

Princess

Irina Pavlovna Paley

 

h

4.9185

Princess

Natalie Pavlovna Paley

 

i

4.961

 

Nadejda Alexandrovna Dreyer

The widow of Grand Duke Nicholas Constantinovich

j

4.9612

Prince

Alexander Nicholaievich Iskander

 

k

4.983

Countess

Sophie Nicholaievna Torby

The wife of Grand Duke Michael Mikhailovich

m

4.9832

Countess

Nadejda Mikhailovna

 

n

4.9833

Count

Michael Mikhailovich Torby

 

l

4.9831

Countess

Anastasia Mikhailovna

 
Note: Reference (1) refers to the numbering system in the article by Professor Kent Sole
      Reference (2) refers to the numbering system adopted on my Web Pages on the genealogy of
      Royal Families (e.g. 4.**** = Russian Royal family)

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