Monarchies of Europe

Dutch (Netherlands) Royal FamilyNetherlands Coat of Arms

Coats of Arms by permission of Arnaud Bunel

Press here for more information and a description of the numbering system adopted on the genealogical table below.

9 King Willem I Frederik of the Netherlands (also Duke of Luxemburg) 1772 1843 Princess Wilhelmine of Prussia 1774 1837 Wilhelmine was a sister to King Friedrich Wilhelm III of Prussia.
The Netherlands was invaded by French Troops in 1795 and Willem along with his father Willem V, Prince of Orange-Nassau (1748-1806) and the rest of the Princely family were forced to leave the Country for England on 18 January 1795. Netherlands was then ruled by the Bonaparte family until 1813 when the tide began turning against Napoleon and Willem was able to make plans for his return to the Netherlands and landed near The Hague on 30 November 1813.
Willem V and his family on their arrival in England took refuge at Hampton Court in apartments given by his first cousin King George III. They lived there from 1795 until 1802. Please see "Grace & Favour A handbook of who lived where in Hampton Court Palace 1750 to 1950" (pages 80 & 84) for further details.
Willem who was then Prince of Orange, Prince of Nassau-Dietz gradually assumed power and assumed the title of King of the Netherlands on 16 March 1815 which was ratified by the Treaty of Vienna (1815) and also became Duke of Luxembourg on 16 March 1815. Luxembourg was elevated to Grand Ducal status on 9 June 1815.
Belgium, with Holland formed the Kingdom of the Netherlands as confirmed by the Congress of Vienna on 9 June 1815. A Belgian uprising in 1830 resulted in an enforced separation of the two countries but it wasn't until 19 April 1839 that Willem accepted a settlement and the independent and neutral state of Belgium came into being.
Willem I Frederik had four illegitimate children by Julie von der Goltz (1780-1841). Julie was at one time governess of Princess Pauline (1800-1806) a daughter of Willem I Frederik. Further reading regarding Julie von der Goltz.
9 King Willem I Frederik of the Netherlands (also Duke of Luxemburg) 1772 1843 Countess Henriette d'Oultremont de Wegimont 1792 1864 Henriette was created Countess of Nassau.
Willem's intention to marry to Henriette was not acceptable to the Dutch, this combined with his opposition to reform forced his abdication on 7 October 1840. He eventually married Henriette on 17 February 1841.
Brief report on the wedding of Willem and Henriette (you may have to scroll to locate the article?).
Death report on Willem I
9.1 King Willem II of the Netherlands (also Grand Duke of Luxemburg) 1792 1849 Grand Duchess Anna of Russia 1795 1865 See 4.8 - Willem II succeeded his father King Willem I who had become unpopular because of his opposition to reform and who abdicated on 7 October 1840.
Death report on Willem II
A very brief death report on Anna
9.11 King Willem III of the Netherlands (also Grand Duke of Luxemburg) 1817 1890 Princess Sophie of Wurttemberg 1818 1877 See 22.112
9.11 King Willem III of the Netherlands (also Grand Duke of Luxemburg) 1817 1890 Princess Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont 1858 1934 See 42.4 - Luxemburg which was subject to Salic law and had been ruled by the Kings of the Netherlands was separated from the Netherlands on the death of King Willem III without male issue. Duke Adolf of Nassau from a collateral branch became Grand Duke Adolphe of Luxemburg
A brief report regarding the marriage of Willem and Emma and the death of his brother Prince Hendrick of the Netherlands a week later.
The New York Times report on the death of Willem III
Also a further report on the times and death of Willem III including that of two of his sons.
Report on the death of Emma.
The concerns expressed by The New York Times in July 1879 that the succession to the throne of the Netherlands was likely to be a bone of contention was eventually proved to be unfounded.
9.111 Crown Prince Willem of the Netherlands (Prince of Orange) 1840 1879         The New York Times obituary on Willem (Prince of Orange) and another article on the death of Willem
9.112 Prince Maurits of the Netherlands 1843 1850          
9.113 Prince Alexander of the Netherlands (Prince of Orange) 1851 1884         The New York Times report on the death of Alexander (Prince of Orange)
9.114 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands 1880 1962 Duke Heinrich of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1876 1934 See 23.111K - Wilhelmina was only ten years old when she succeeded her father as Queen and her mother Queen Emma acted as regent until she came of age in 1898.
Wilhelmina abdicated 4 September 1948 in favour of her daughter Juliana.Wilhelmina took the title Princess of the Netherlands following her abdication.
Heinrich was created Prince of the Netherlands 6 February 1901.
Wedding report of the marriage of Wilhelmina and Heinrich.
A New York Times article on 27 November 1898 reports Wilhelmina was due to marry Prince Wilhelm of Wied (for a short period in 1914 was Prince of Albania)
9.1141 Queen Juliana of the Netherlands 1909 2004 Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld 1911 2004 Juliana abdicated on 30 April 1980 on her 71 st birthday in favour of her daughter Beatrix.
A report on Juliana's intention to abdicate and a further article on her life
Bernard's father was Count Bernard Kasimir of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1872 - 1934) who in 1905 became a Prince of Lippe when the Counts of Lippe-Biesterfeld line attained sovereign status following the extinction of the Lippe-Detmold line due to the death of Prince Karl Alexander of Lippe-Detmold (1831-1905).
Bernard Kasimir married a commoner Baroness Armgard von Sierstorpff-Cramm in 1909 who was created Countess of Biesterfeld shorly before their marriage and in 1916 was created Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld.
As a result of his parents unequal marriage Bernard was born a Count von Lippe-Biesterfeld but was created a Prince of Lippe-Biesterfeld at the same time as his mother was created Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld.
Bernard Kasimir was an elder brother to Prince Julius Ernest of Lippe
Report on the wedding of Juliana and Bernhard.
Bernhard was created Prince of the Netherlands 7 January 1937.
Bernhard also had two illegitimate daughters who's recognition were made official after his death although rumours about their existence had persisted prior to this. The first daughter is Alicia von Bielefeld (born 1954), whose mother has not been identified, however : see. The other daughter, Alexia Grinda (born 1967), is his child by the French socialite and fashion model Hélène Grinda.
9.11411 Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands 1938     Claus von Amsberg 1926 2002 Claus von Amsberg was created Prince of the Netherlands 16 February 1966. Claus was a German diplomat, born with the name of Klaus-Georg von Amsberg. He became a naturalized Dutch citizen, adopting the name "Claus" at the insistence of the Dutch Parliament,
Apparently Queen Beatrix caused riots by marrying Niklaus von Amsberg, who had served in the Wehrmacht and been a member of the Hitler Youth.
At 19.00 on Monday 28 January 2013 Queen Beatrix announced that she is to abdicate and that the Prince of Orange, her eldest son, will succeed her. The abdication and the investiture of the new King took place in Amsterdam on 30 April 2013. After she had signed the instrument of abdication, the former Queen had the title of Her Royal Highness Princess Beatrix of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau.
Obituary on Claus von Amsberg
9.114111 King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands 1967     Máxima Zorreguieta Cerruti 1971   Máxima was granted Dutch naturalisation by Royal Decree of 17 May 2001, since her having Dutch nationality was a prerequisite to her becoming a member of the Royal House on her marriage to Willem-Alexander.
Succession to the Dutch Royal throne is reserved to relatives of the monarch in the first, second and third degree of consanguinity. However members of the Dutch Royal family comprise those who are related to the monarch in the first or second degree of consanguinity and are eligible for succession to the throne. So in a nutshell when Prince Catharina-Amalia (Princess of Orange) succeeds her father Willem-Alexander certain of the existing family will no longer be a members of the Royal Family or able to succeed to the throne. they will in due course be replaced by others who have the necessary consanguinity to Catharina-Amalia.
The titles Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau was bestowed on Máxima by Royal Decree on the occasion of the marriage. She was known as Her Royal Highness Princess Máxima of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Mrs van Amsberg.
9.1141111 Princess Catharina-Amalia of the Netherlands (Princess of Orange) 2003           Following the succession of her father Willem-Alexander as King of the Netherlands, Catharina-Amalia as heir to the throne automatically became Princess of Orange.
9.1141112 Princess Alexia Juliana of the Netherlands 2005            
9.1141113 Princess Ariane of the Netherlands 2007            
9.114112 Prince Johan Friso of the Netherlands 1968 2013   Mabel Wisse Smit 1968   By Royal Decree issued on 19 March 2004 the children of Johan Friso and his wife will bear the surname van Orange-Nassau van Amsberg. Johan Friso lost his succession rights as his marriage was not sanctioned by the Dutch Government due to irregularities in the submission request by Johan Friso and his intended wife Mabel Wisse Smit.
Johan Friso also lost his title Prince of the Netherlands.
Mabel Wisse Smit was the daughter of Hendrik “Henk” Los and Florence "Flos" Kooman. Henk Los lost his life in 1978 due to a drowsing accident whilst ice skating. Flos Kooman married Peter Wisse Smit in 1980 and Mabel took the surname of her stepfather in 1984.
Johan Friso suffered serious injuries in February 2012 when buried by an avalanche whilst skiing in Austria. His early treatment was at the private Wellington Hospital in London but in July 2013 was transferred to Huis ten Bosch (a royal palace in The Hague in the Netherlands) where he died in August 2013 from complications.
9.1141121 Countess Emma "Luana" van Orange-Nassau van Amsberg 2005            
9.1141122 Countess Joanna "Zaria" van Orange-Nassau van Amsberg 2006            
9.114113 Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands 1969     Petra Laurentien Brinkhorst 1966   Petra Laurentien's preferred name is Laurentien
9.1141131 Countess Eloise van Orange-Nassau 2002            
9.1141132 Count Claus Casimir van Orange-Nassau 2004            
9.1141133 Countess Leonore van Orange-Nassau 2006            
9.11412 Princess Irene of the Netherlands 1939   Prince Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma (Duke of Parma) 1930 2010 See 38.O2 - Irene renounced her rights of succession on 29 April 1964 following her marriage to Prince Carlos. Carlos was naturalised in Spain on 5 January 1979 by Royal Decree.
The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982) report on the marriage of Prince Carlos and Princess Irene
9.11413 Princess Margriet of the Netherlands 1943     Pieter van Vollenhoven 1939   At the marriage of Princess Margriet a special decree was issued that her children would be styled as HH Prince/Princess of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven. This is a personal non-hereditary title.
Margriet was born in Ottawa, Canada where her mother and two daughters had gone during the second World War. The hospital suite where the birth took place was officially declared as Dutch territory to remove any complications about a possible heir to the throne not being born in a foreign country.
A report on the announcement of the engagement of Margriet and Pieter.
9.114131 Prince Maurits van Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven 1968     Marie-Helen "Marilene" van den Broek 1970   By Royal Decree 26 May 1998, the children of Prince Maurits and his wife will bear the surname van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven presumably in honour of Prince Maurits grandfather Prince Bernard.
9.1141311   Anastasia "Anna" van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven 2001            
9.1141312   Lucas van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven 2002            
9.1141313   Felicia Juliana van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven 2005            
9.114132 Prince Bernhard van Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven 1969     Annette Sekreve 1972   By Royal Decree 5 July 2000, the children of Prince Bernard and his wife will bear the surname van Vollenhoven
9.1141321   Isabella Lily van Vollenhoven 2002            
9.1141322   Samuel Bernhard van Vollenhoven 2004            
9.1141323   Benjamin Pieter Floris van Vollenhoven 2008            
9.114133 Prince Pieter-Christian van Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven 1972     Anita Theodora van Eijk 1969    
9.1141331   Emma Francisca Catharina van Vollenhoven 2006            
9.1141332   Pieter Anton Maurits Erik van Vollenhoven 2008            
9.114134 Prince Floris van Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven 1975     Aimée Leonie Söhngen 1977    
9.1141341   Magali Margriet Eleonoor van Vollenhoven 2007            
9.1141342   Eliane Sophia Caroline van Vollenhoven 2009            
9.1141343   Willem Jan van Vollenhoven 2013            
9.11414 Princess Maria Christina of the Netherlands 1947 2019   Jorge Guillermo 1946    
9.114141   Bernardo Guillermo 1977     Eva Marie Valdes 1977   Wedding photographs of Bernardo Guillermo and Eva Prinz-Valdes (please note the photographs are Copyright © 2009 Royal Press Europe - Royal Photoagency - © Albert Nieboer & Albert Philip van der Werf). Eva Marie Valdes was previously married to Andrew Michael Prinz, hence her surname also shown as Prinz-Valdes
9.1141411   Isabel Christina Guillermo 2009            
9.1141412   Julián Jorge Guillermo 2011            
9.114142   Nicolas Guillermo 1979            
9.114143   Juliana Guillermo 1981            
9.12 Prince Alexander of the Netherlands 1818 1848         Report on the death of Alexander
9.13 Prince Hendrik of the Netherlands 1820 1879 Princess Amalie of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach 1830 1872 See 27.48
9.13 Prince Hendrik of the Netherlands 1820 1879 Princess Marie of Prussia 1855 1888 See 11.511 - The New York Times brief obituary on Hendrik
What happened to Hendrik's last will and testament in favour of his wife Marie?
When Hendrik died it was thought he had one of the largest fortunes in Europe estimated at the time to be about £8.5 million.
9.14 Prince Ernst of the Netherlands 1822 1822          
9.15 Princess Sophia of the Netherlands 1824 1897 Grand Duke Carl Alexander of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach 1818 1901 See 27.24 - Carl Alexander and Sophia were first cousins, their mothers were daughters of Emperor Paul I of all the Russias
9.2 Prince Frederik of the Netherlands 1797 1881 Princess Luise of Prussia 1808 1870 See 11.8
9.21 Princess Wilhelmina Frederika "Louise" of the Netherlands 1828 1871 King Carl XV of Sweden (& Norway) 1826 1872 See 3.11
9.22 Prince Willem "Frederik" Nicolaas Karel of the Netherlands 1833 1834          
9.23 Prince Willem Frederik Nicolaas Albert of the Netherlands 1836 1846          
9.24 Princess Marie of the Netherlands 1841 1910 Prince Wilhelm of Wied (5th Prince of Wied) 1845 1907 See 33.82
9.3 Princess Pauline of the Netherlands 1800 1806          
9.4 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands 1810 1883 Prince Albrecht of Prussia 1809 1872 See 11.9 - Marianne bought the beautiful Villa Sommariva (on Lake Como) in 1843 and gave it as a wedding present in 1850 to her daughter Princess Charlotte on her marriage to Duke Georg II of Saxe-Meiningen. The Villa was renamed Villa Carlotta in memory of Princess Charlotte who died in childbirth in 1855. The Villa was passed through Marianne's Saxe-Meiningen descendants until 1927 when it was brought under Italian control by the Ente Villa Carlotta, a foundation especially constituted by Italian royal decree on 12 May 1927.
It was reported in 1849 that Prince Albrecht was granted a divorce from Princess Marianne on the ground of "insurmountable antipathy". The report is on page 3 of the Newspaper.
9.41   Johannes Willem van Reinhartshausen 1849 1861         Johannes Willem's parents are Princess Marianne of the Netherlands and her lover Johannes van Rossum (1809-1873). The surname van Reinhartshausen was granted to Johannes Willem in 1855 by Duke Adolf of Nassau and was named after one of Princess Marianne's properties Reinhartshausen Castle.
A quite detailed article and photographs of Johannes Willem and his parents.

Note - QVD against a reference number indicates the first named individual is a descendant of Queen Victoria.

Last Updated on 29 November 2023
By Allan Raymond
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