|8||King||Charles Albert of Sardinia||1798||1849||Archduchess||Maria Teresa of Austria (Tuscany Line)||1801||1855||See
20.5 - Charles Albert born a Prince of Savoy-Carignano succeeded his distant cousin
Charles Felix as King of Sardinia on 27 April 1831.
Charles declared war on Austria on 22 March 1848 and an armistice was signed on 9 August 1848 which lasted seven months until 12 March 1849 when it was denounced by Charles.
This led to the Battle of Novara which lasted one day from 22 March to 23 March 1849 and the severe defeat of Charles's army and he abdicated on the same day (about three months prior to his death) in favour of his son Victor Emanuel
|8.1||King||Victor Emmanuel II of Italy||1820||1878||Archduchess||Adelheid of Austria||1822||1855||Victor was King of Sardinia and became King of the united Italy on 17 March 1861 having acquired Parma, Modena and Tuscany in 1860 and the Two Sicilies in March 1861.|
|8.1||King||Victor Emmanuel II of Italy||1820||1878||Rosa Vercellana||1833||1885||Victor was King of Sardinia and became King of the united Italy on 17 March 1861 having acquired Parma, Modena and Tuscany in 1860 and the Two Sicilies in March 1861.
Rosa was created Countess di Mirafiori e Fontanafredda on 11 April 1859.
Rosa Vercellana wasn't allowed to be buried with Victor Emmanuel II in the Roman Pantheon, her two children had a mausoleum built for her in a similar form (if on a smaller scale) to the Pantheon in Turin, called Mausoleo della Bela Rosin”“. The “Mausoleo della Bela Rosin” fell into disrepair and the remains of Rosa Vercellana were disturbed by individuals looking for jewellery. Her remains were removed to the Monumental Cemetery in Turin where apparently they still reside.
New York Times Obituary on King Victor Emmanuel II
|8.11||Princess||Clotilde of Savoy||1843||1911||Prince||Napoléon Joseph Bonaparte (Prince Napoléon) "Plon-Plon"||1822||1891||See 22.123 - The New York Times report on the death of Napoléon Joseph|
|8.12||King||Umberto I of Italy||1844||1900||Princess||Margherita of Savoy||1851||1926||See
8.21 - Umberto was
assassinated at Monza by
an anarchist called Gaetano Bresci (1869-1901). Bresci was captured and put on trial and sentenced to hard labour at Santo Stefano prison on Ventotene
Island. There he was found dead in prison less than a year later on 23 May 1901, which was attributed to
suicide, although he was
murdered by the guards.
Death report on Queen Margherita
A stature of King Umberto in Stresa. (photograph - Allan Raymond during a visit)
|8.121||King||Victor Emmanuel III of Italy||1869||1947||Princess||Jelena "Elena" of Montenegro||1873||1952||See
40.6 - Victor Emmanuel became unpopular because of his long association with Benito Mussolini and
abdicated on 9 May 1946 in favour of his son Umberto. He died in exile in Egypt.
Some "Reminiscences of the Beautiful Elena of Montenegro" written shortly after her husband Victor Emmanuel succeeded his father as King of Italy
|8.1211||Princess||Yolanda Margherita of Savoy||1901||1986||Conte||Giorgio Calvi de Bergolo (6th Conte di Bergolo)||1887||1977||Giorgio was a brother to
Matilda Calvi di Bergolo (wife of Prince Aage of Denmark).
An interesting account of Princess Yolanda and her possible sacrifice in marrying Conte Calvi di Bergolo. A report on the marriage of Princess Yolanda and Conte Calvi di Bergolo.
A strange encounter between Conte Calvi di Bergolo and Mussolini, supposedly they fought a duel following a discussion on the issue of a new two lire coin.
|8.1212||Princess||Mafalda of Savoy||1902||1944||Landgrave||Philip of Hesse-Cassel||1896||1980||See
45.41453 - In early September of 1943, Princess Mafalda traveled to Bulgaria to attend the funeral of her brother-n-law, King Boris III. Hitler believed Mafalda was working against the Nazis and the Gestapo ordered her arrest, and on September 23rd she received a telephone call from Karl Hass at the German High Command who informed her there was an important message from her husband. On her arrival at the German embassy she was arrested, ostensibly for her subversive activities, but also as a threat to keep her father, the King of Italy, in line. Mafalda was transported to Munich for questioning, then to Berlin and was finally deported to Buchenwald concentration camp. Mafalda died in Buchenwald concentration camp; she was severely wounded during an Allied bombing raid and had to have an arm amputated and she died the following day.
Landgrave Philipp was arrested by the Gestapo in 1943 and put into solitary confinement for 20 months. He was later arrested by the American Army and was finally freed in 1948.
A report on the wedding of Mafalda and Philip
|8.1213||King||Umberto II of Italy||1904||1983||Princess||Marie Jose of Belgium||1906||2001||See 14.353 - Umberto succeeded his father as King on 9 May 1946. In a referendum on 2 June 1946 12.7 million Italians voted in favour of a republic and 10.7 million for the retention of the monarchy. Although Umberto refused to accept the vote against the monarchy he left Italy on 13 June 1946 to prevent the outbreak of violence. Umberto and his male heirs were forbidden to set foot on Italian territory from that point on.|
|8.12131||Princess||Maria Pia of Savoy||1934||Prince||Alexander of Yugoslavia||1924||2016||See
Birth registration of Prince Alexander.
A report on the birth of Maria Pia.
Orbituary on Prince Alexander
|8.12131||Princess||Maria Pia of Savoy||1934||Prince||Michael of Bourbon-Parma||1926||2018||See 38.S3|
|8.12132||Prince||Victor Emmanuel of Savoy (Prince of Naples and Duke of Savoy)||1937||Marina Doria||1935||Victor Emmanuel is the present Head of the Royal House of Savoy. Victor Emmanuel made his first visit to Italy on 23 December 2002 since his family were forced into exile in 1946. The Constitutional Law prohibiting the return of male descendants of the King of Italy was abolished with effect from 10 November 2002.
A brief report on the birth of Victor Emmanuel
|8.121321||Prince||Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy (Prince of Venice and Piedmont)||1972||Clotilde Courau||1969|
|8.1213211||Princess||Vittoria of Savoy||2003|
|8.1213212||Princess||Luisa Giovanna of Savoy||2006|
|8.12133||Princess||Maria Grabriella of Savoy||1940||Robert Zellinger de Balkany||1931||2015||Robert Zellinger de Balkany was born Robert Zellinger (the link is now a subscription access) and added "de Balkany" sometime in the 1950's, he was a businessman who amongst his enterprises introduced American -inspired shopping centres to France .|
|8.121331||Marie Elizabeth Zellinger de Balkany||1972||Olivier Janssens||1964|
|8.1213311||Gabriella Luisa Janssens||2004|
|8.1213313||Paul Louis Janssens||2009|
|8.12134||Princess||Maria Beatrice of Savoy||1943||Luis Rafael Reyna-Corvalán y Dillon||1939||1999||There was great consternation in Maria Beatrice's family when it became known of her intention to
marry an Italian actor Maurizio Arena (1933-1979).
Luis was murdered at his Villa in Mexico by one of his male workers. A report of the tragic circumstances can be found here - (in Spanish).
An interesting article on Maria Beatrice and her family - (in Spanish).
|8.121341||Rafael Reyna y de Saboya||1970||1994||Rafael Reyna died after he apparently jumped from a window in Boston|
|8.121342||Patrizio Reyna y de Saboya||1971||1971|
|8.121343||Azaea Reyna y de Saboya||1973||Arturo Pando y Mundet||1971|
|8.1214||Princess||Giovanna of Savoy||1907||2000||King||Boris III of Bulgaria||1894||1943||See
17.1 - Boris died in mysterious circumstances following a visit to Hitler. The official cause of death was given as "a thrombosis of the left artery to the heart, double pneumonia and a cerebral congestion". One theory is that the oxygen mask used by Boris in the airplane to fly back home had been tampered with.
A perspective from 1940 on King Boris
A report on the wedding of King Boris and Princess Giovanna
|8.1215||Princess||Maria of Savoy||1914||2001||Prince||Louis of Bourbon-Parma||1899||1967||See
38.V - A report on the marriage of Maria
The article also mentions Maria was formerly "provisionally" engaged to the Archduke Otto, the Austro-Hungarian Pre-tender, on condition that he regained his throne.
Not forgetting that Louis was an uncle of the Archduke Otto
|8.13||Prince||Amedeo of Savoy (1 st Duke of Aosta)||1845||1890||Princess||Maria Victoria della Cisterna di Belriguardo||1847||1876||Amedeo was created Duke of Aosta in 1845.
Following the abdication of, Queen Isabel II of Spain Amedeo was proclaimed King of Spain on 16 November 1870 after the Cortes voted 191 for and 120 against his election.
Amedeo abdicated on 11 February 1873 and returned to Italy.
An article published prior to the intended marriage of Amedeo and Maria Victoria. It was reported that Maria Victoria as an only surviving child was the heiress to a substantial fortune from both her mother and father.
|8.13||Prince||Amedeo of Savoy (1 st Duke of Aosta)||1845||1890||Princess||Maria Laetitia Bonaparte||1866||1926||See
22.1233 - Amedeo was created Duke of Aosta in 1845 and was proclaimed King of Spain on 16 November 1870 (following the abdication of
Queen Isabel II of Spain) and abdicated on 11 February 1873 and returned to Italy.
Report on the wedding of Amedeo and Maria Laetitia.This is an uncle/niece marriage, Maria Laetitia's mother was a sister to Amedeo
|8.131||Prince||Emanuel Philibert of Savoy (2 nd Duke of Aosta)||1869||1931||Princess||Helene of Orleans||1871||1951||See
Marriage Registration of Prince Emanuel Philibert and Princess Helene
The New York Times report on the wedding of Prince Emanuel Philibert and Princess Helene
Birth Registration of Princess Helene.
Death report of Princess Helene, Duchess of Aosta
|8.1311||Prince||Amedeo II of Savoy (3 rd Duke of Aosta)||1898||1942||Princess||Anne of Orleans||1906||1986||See
13.1253 - Amedeo was a prisoner of the British in Kenya and was allowed by them to live in Nairobi in comparative comfort in a nursing home where he
died from tuberculosis.
Amedeo was the Viceroy and Governor-General of Italian East Africa. The East African Campaign (World War II) was a series of battles fought in East Africa during World War II by the British Empire, the British Commonwealth of Nations and several allies against the forces of Italy from June 1940 to November 1941. The Duke of Aosta commanded the mountainous region of Amba Alagi in Ethiopia and after a gallant effort on defending the Italians position he was forced on 18 May 1941 to surrender his forces .
|8.13111||Princess||Margherita of Savoy||1930||2022||Archduke||Robert of Austria-Este||1915||1996||See
19.J3213 - Robert was accorded the title Archduke of Austria-Este on 16 April 1917 by his father Emperor Karl I of Austria.
Report on the wedding of Margherita and Robert.
|8.13112||Princess||Maria Christina of Savoy||1933||Prince||Casimir of Bourbon-Two Sicilies||1938||See 37.554L5|
|8.1312||Prince||Aimon of Savoy (4th Duke of Aosta)||1900||1948||Princess||Irene of Greece and Denmark||1904||1974||See
16.15 - Aimon was designated King of Croatia 18 May 1941 but never reigned and finally abandoned all claim to that throne in 1943.
A somewhat unusual report on the wedding of Aimon and Irene which focussed more on her cousin The Duchess of Kent who apparently stole the show at the wedding.
|8.13121 - QVD||Prince||Amedeo III of Savoy (5 th Duke of Aosta)||1943||2021||Princess||Claude of Orleans||1943||See 13.12549|
|8.13121 - QVD||Prince||Amedeo III of Savoy (5 th Duke of Aosta)||1943||2021||Marchessa||Silvia Paterno di Spedalotto||1953||Report on the death of Prince Amedeo|
|8.131211 - QVD||Princess||Bianca of Savoy||1966||Count||Giberto Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga||1961||An interesting article on an interview with
Countess Bianca di Savoia Aosta Arrivabene.
Countess Bianca and her husband own the Palazzo Papadopoli on the Grand Canal, Venice. The Palazzo Papadopoli is now a 5* hotel although the Countess Bianca di Savoia Aosta Arrivabenefamily still live on the top floor of The Palazzo.
|8.1312111 - QVD||Donna||Viola Arrivabene Valenti Gonzaga||1991|
|8.1312112 - QVD||Donna||Vera Arrivabene Valenti Gonzaga||1993|
|8.1312113 - QVD||Donna||Mafalda Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga||1997|
|8.1312114 - QVD||Donna||Maddalena Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga||2000|
|8.1312115 - QVD||Count||Leonardo Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga||2001|
|8.131212 - QVD||Prince||Aimone of Savoy (6 th Duke of Aosta)||1967||Princess||Olga of Greece and Denmark||1971||See 16.812|
|8.1312121 - QVD||Prince||Umberto of Savoy (Prince of Piedmont)||2009|
|8.1312122- QVD||Prince||Amedeo of Savoy (Duke of the Abruzzi)||2011|
|8.1312123 - QVD||Princess||Isabella of Savoy||2012|
|8.131213 - QVD||Piero Incisa della Rochetta||1967||Piero parents are Prince Amedeo III and Nerina Corsini (wife of Enrico Incisa della Rochetta).
Piero is also the owner of a wine making business.
|8.131214 - QVD||Princess||Mafalda of Savoy||1969||Don||Alessandro Ruffo di Calabria||1964||Alessandro's father Prince Fabrizio Ruffo di Calabria is a brother of Queen Paulo of the Belgians|
|8.131214 - QVD||Princess||Mafalda of Savoy||1969||Baron||Francesco Ferrante Lombardo di San Chirico||1968||Further details on the Lombardo di San Chirico family.|
|8.1312141 - QVD||Nobile||Anna Egiziaca Lombardo di San Chirico||1999|
|8.1312142 - QVD||Nobile||Carlo Ferrante Lombardo di San Chirico||2001|
|8.1312143 - QVD||Nobile||Elena Lombardo di San Chirico||2003|
|8.131215 - QVD||Ginevra di Savoia||2006||Ginevra parents are Prince Amedeo III and Kyara van Ellinkhuizen|
|8.132||Prince||Victor Emanual of Savoy (Count of Turin)||1870||1946||Duel with Prince Henri Philippe of Orleans|
|8.133||Prince||Louis of Savoy (Duke of the Abruzzi)||1873||1933||Louis was a renowned mountaineer and explorer. In 1900 during one of his planned expeditions towards the North Pole by dogsled he suffered frostbite which resulted in the amputation of two of his fingers. Some additional information about his explorations (Copyright The New York Times)|
|8.134||Prince||Humbert of Savoy (Count of Salemi)||1889||1918||Humbert was killed in action in Crepano de Grapa.
Humbert paid perhaps too much attention to young ladies rather than his naval academy studies and in so doing incurred the wrath of his cousin King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy
|8.14||Prince||Otto of Savoy (Duke of Montferrat)||1846||1866|
|8.15||Princess||Maria Pia of Savoy||1847||1911||King||Luiz I of Portugal||1838||1889||See 12.412|
|8.16||Prince||Carlo Alberto of Savoy (Duke of Chablais)||1851||1854|
|8.17||Prince||Victor Emmanuel of Savoy (Count of Geneva)||1855||1855|
|8.18||Vittoria Guerrieri||1848||1905||Vittoria Guerrieri is the daughter of King Victor Emmanuel II and his morganatic second wife Rosa Vercellana. She was born before her parents marriage on 7 November 1869.
An interesting article on an impoverished granddaughter of Vittoria Guerrieri .
For further genealogy information please see William Addams Reitwiesne web page on "The Descendants of Donna Vittoria Guerrieri"
|8.2||Prince||Ferdinanda of Sardinia (Duke of Genoa)||1822||1855||Princess||Elisabeth of Saxony||1830||1912||See 26.663 - Ferdinanda was created Duke of Genoa in 1831.|
|8.21||Princess||Margherita of Savoy||1851||1926||King||Umberto I of Italy||1844||1900||See
8.12 - Umberto was
assassinated at Monza by an anarchist called
Gaetano Bresci (1869-1901). Bresci was captured and put on trial and sentenced to hard labour at Santo Stefano prison on Ventotene Island. There he
was found dead in prison less than a year
later on 23 May 1901, which was attributed to
suicide, although he was almost certainly
murdered by the guards.
Death report on Queen Margherita
|8.22||Prince||Tomasso of Savoy (2 nd Duke of Genoa)||1854||1931||Princess||Marie Isabella of Bavaria||1863||1924||See
The great welcome and festivities in Italy for Prince Tomasso when he returned with his new wife Isabella shortly after their wedding in Munich .
|8.221||Prince||Ferdinand of Savoy (3 rd Duke of Genoa)||1884||1963||Countess||Mary Louise of Ricaldone||1899||1986|
|8.222||Prince||Philiberta of Savoy (4 th Duke of Genoa)||1895||1990||Princess||Lydia of Arenberg||1905||1977||Lydia was a sister to Duke Engelbert-Charles of Arenberg (10 th Duke of Arenberg)|
|8.223||Princess||Bona Margherita of Savoy||1896||1971||Prince||Konrad of Bavaria||1883||1969||See 18.1524|
|8.224||Prince||Adalbert of Savoy (Duke of Bergamo)||1898||1982|
|8.225||Princess||Maria Adelaide of Savoy||1904||1979||Prince||Leone Massimo di Arsoli||1896||1979|
|8.226||Prince||Eugenio of Savoy, Duke of Ancona (5 th Duke of Genoa)||1906||1996||Princess||Lucia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies||1908||2001||See 37.55415|
|8.2261||Princess||Maria Isabella of Savoy||1943||Alberto Frioli||1943|
|8.3||Princess||Maria Cristina of Sardinia||1826||1827|