|31||Duke||Peter I of Oldenburg||1755||1829||Duchess||Friederike of Württemberg||1765||1785||See
22.7 - Peter succeeded his cousin Wilhelm (1754 - 1823) as Duke of Oldenburg. Wilhelm's father Friedrich August (1711-1785) was Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and was ceded Oldenburg on 14 December 1773 by his cousin Paul (twice removed) (later Emperor Paul I of all the Russias).
Oldenburg was elevated from a County to a Duchy in 29 December 1774 (publicly announced on 22 March 1777) with further elevation to a Grand Duchy on 9 June 1815. However the title of Grand Duke was not used until the accession of Duke Peter's son August in 1829
|31.1||Grand Duke||August of Oldenburg||1783||1853||Princess||Adelheid of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym||1800||1820||Adelheid and Ida were sisters|
|31.1||Grand Duke||August of Oldenburg||1783||1853||Princess||Ida of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym||1804||1828||Adelheid and Ida were sisters|
|31.1||Grand Duke||August of Oldenburg||1783||1853||Princess||Cecilie of Sweden (Vasa line)||1807||1844||See 32.145 - Cecilie died a few days after giving birth to her son Elimar|
|31.11||Duchess||Amelie of Oldenburg||1818||1875||Prince||Otto of Bavaria||1815||1867||See
18.13 - Otto became King of Greece in 1832 and fled the country in 1862 after an insurrection. He was succeeded as King by
Prince Wilhelm of Denmark.
A report on the eve of the wedding of Amelie and Otto, who was King of Greece at the time.
Obituary on Otto.
|31.12||Duchess||Friederike of Oldenburg||1820||1891||Baron||Maximilian von Washington||1829||1903||A Genealogy containing Maximilian von Washington can be found
An interesting article regarding the relationship with Georg Washington First President of US.
|31.121||Baron||Georg von Washington||1856||1930||Baroness||Gisela Welser von Welsersheimb||1857||1913|
|31.122||Baron||Stephan Ludwig von Washington||1858||1899|
|31.13||Grand Duke||Peter II of Oldenburg||1827||1900||Princess||Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg||1826||1896||See
30.44 - The New York Times report on the
death of Grand Duke Peter.
A very brief report on the death of Grand Duchess Elisabeth
|31.131||Grand Duke||Friedrich August of Oldenburg||1852||1931||Princess||Elisabeth of Prussia||1857||1895||See
11.512 - Friedrich abdicated his throne on 11 November 1918.
A report on the wedding of Friedrich August and Elisabeth which in fact was a double wedding because her second cousin Princess Charlotte of Prussia married Duke Bernard III of Saxe-Meiningen at the same time and location.
|31.131||Grand Duke||Friedrich August of Oldenburg||1852||1931||Duchess||Elisabeth Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin||1869||1955||See
23.1118 - Friedrich abdicated his throne on 11 November 1918.
Report on the wedding of Friedrich August and Elisabeth Alexandrine.
Friedrich August travelled incognito to the USA in March 1904 much to the consternation of the people of Oldenburg.
The trip by the Grand Duke was apparently made on medical grounds to improve his health but other reports at the time said it was to avoid having to meet with Emperor Wilhelm II to discus the question of succession to the throne of the Grand Duchy.
His companion during the visits was his ex-adjutant Baron von Plettenberg who lived in America.
A scandal was caused during Baron von Plettenberg divorce when it was alleged in some newspapers that Friedrich August's daughter Sophie Charlotte (Princess Eitel-Friedrich of Prussia) had had an affair with the Baron. this led in 1922 to Prince Eitel-Friedrich suing four Berlin papers for libel.
|31.1311||Duchess||Sophie Charlotte of Oldenburg||1879||1964||Prince||Eitel-Friedrich of Prussia||1883||1942||See 11.2112 - The New York Times report on the wedding of Duchess Sophie Charlotte to Prince Eitel-Friedrich|
|31.1311||Duchess||Sophie Charlotte of Oldenburg||1879||1964||Harald von Hedemann||1887||1951||A report on the wedding of Duchess Sophie Charlotte to Harald von Hedemann, this caused a scandal in Germany following on the heels of the scandal surrounding the engagement of Princess Victoria of Prussia to Alexander Zoubkoff|
|31.1312||Duchess||Margarete of Oldenburg||1881||1882|
|31.1313||Hereditary Grand Duke||Nikolaus of Oldenburg||1897||1970||Princess||Helene of Waldeck and Pyrmont||1899||1948||See 42.63|
|31.1313||Hereditary Grand Duke||Nikolaus of Oldenburg||1897||1970||Anne-Marie von Schutzbar gennant Milchling||1903||1991|
|31.13131||Duke||Anton Günther of Oldenburg||1923||2014||Princess||Amelia of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg||1923||2016||Amelia is an elder sister to Prince Alfred Ernest of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg (7th Fürst of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg) (1924--2010).
She is also the older sister of Princess Gertruid of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg wife of her husband's brother Duke Peter Friedrich of Oldenburg.
It was a double wedding on 7 August 1951
|31.131311||Duchess||Helene Elisabeth of Oldenburg||1953|
|31.131312||Duke||Christian Nikolaus of Oldenburg||1955||Countess||Caroline zu Rantzau||1962||Christian Nikolaus is the present Head of the Ducal House of Oldenburg.
The ancestry of Countess Caroline zu Rantzau
|31.1313121||Duke||Alexander Paul of Oldenburg||1990|
|31.1313122||Duke||Philipp Konstantin of Oldenburg||1991|
|31.1313123||Duke||Anton Friedrich of Oldenburg||1993|
|31.1313124||Duchess||Katharina Bibiane of Oldenburg||1997|
|31.13132||Duchess||Rixa of Oldenburg||1924||1939||Rixa died in a riding accident, when her horse had a heart failure|
|31.13133||Duke||Peter Friedrich of Oldenburg||1926||2016||Princess||Gertrud of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg||1926||2011||Gertruid is a younger sister to Prince Alfred Ernest of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg
(7th Fürst of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg) (1924-2010).
She is also the younger sister of Princess Amelia of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg wife of her husband's brother Duke Anton Günther of Oldenburg.
It was a double wedding on 7 August 1951
|31.131331||Duke||Friedrich August of Oldenburg||1952||2018||Belinda Tatham Warter||1954|
|31.1313311||Duchess||Anastasia of Oldenburg||1982|
|31.1313312||Duchess||Alice of Oldenburg||1986||Philip Maciocia||1983||If interested please see Philip and Anne (his girlfriend at the time) involvement in the world record solo cycle race from Cairo to Cape Town in a record time of just over 41 days.|
|31.1313313||Duchess||Cara of Oldenburg||1993|
|31.131332||Duchess||Margarete of Oldenburg||1954||Prince||Philipp von Croÿ||1957||Philipp is a brother to Prince Engelbert von Croÿ|
|31.1313321||Prince||Alexander Friedrich-August von Croÿ||1987||Katja Schulz||?|
|31.1313322||Prince||Maximilian Johannes von Croÿ||1988||2015|
|31.1313323||Princess||Rosalie Franziska von Croÿ||1990||Altgraf||Conrad Maria zu Salm-Reifferscheidt-Raitz||1985|
|31.131333||Duke||Nikolaus of Oldenburg||1955||Anna Dyckerhoff||1958|
|31.1313331||Duke||Christoph of Oldenburg||1985|
|31.1313332||Duke||Georg of Oldenburg||1990|
|31.1313333||Duke||Oscar of Oldenburg||1991|
|31.131334||Duke||Georg-Moritz of Oldenburg||1957||2011|
|31.13134||Duchess||Eilika of Oldenburg||1928||2016||Prince||Emich of Leiningen (7th Prince of Leiningen)||1926||1991||See 39.21231|
|31.13135||Duke||Egilmar of Oldenburg||1934||2013|
|31.13136||Duke||Friedrich August of Oldenburg||1936||2017||Princess||Marie Cecile of Prussia||1942||See 11.211123|
|31.13136||Duke||Friedrich August of Oldenburg||1936||2017||Countess||Donata of Castell-Rüdenhausen||1950||2015||Donata was previously married to Prince Louis Ferdinand of Prussia who's a brother of Princess Marie-Cecilie (Duke Friedrich August's first wife)|
|31.131361 - QVD||Duke||Paul-Wladimir of Oldenburg||1969||Maria del Pilar Méndez de Vigo y Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg||1970||Maria is the daughter of Princess Monika of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (sister of Prince Alois-Konstantin of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg) and Jaime Méndez de Vigo y del Arco|
|31.1313611 - QVD||Duke||Kirill Friedrich-August of Oldenburg||2002|
|31.1313612 - QVD||Duke||Carlos Jakobus of Oldenburg||2004|
|31.1313613 - QVD||Duke||Paul Marie of Oldenburg||2005|
|31.1313614 - QVD||Duchess||Maria Assunta of Oldenburg||2007|
|31.1313615 - QVD||Duke||Louis Ferdinand of Oldenburg||2012|
|31.131362 - QVD||Duchess||Rixa of Oldenburg||1970||Stephan Sanders||1964?||An article in "BUNTE.de" on the wedding of Duchess Rixa and Stephan Sanders. It was also mentioned in the article that Stephan was six years older than Rixa which would put his year of birth as about 1964|
|31.131363 - QVD||Duchess||Bibiane of Oldenburg||1974||Peter Dorner||1972|
|31.1313631 - QVD||Xenia Dorner||2006|
|31.1313632 - QVD||Rixa Dorner||2008|
|31.1313633 - QVD||Alexej Dorner||2011|
|31.13137||Duchess||Altburg of Oldenburg||1938||Baron||Rudiger von Erffa||1936|
|31.13138||Duke||Huno of Oldenburg||1940||Countess||Felictitas-Anita Schwerin von Krosigk||1941||Duke Huno & Duke Johann are twins|
|31.131381||Duchess||Beatrix Amelie of Oldenburg||1971||Sven von Storch||1970|
|31.131382||Duchess||Sophie Altburg of Oldenburg||1972||Joseph-Maria von Radowitz||1969|
|31.13139||Duke||Johann of Oldenburg||1940||Countess||Ilka of Ortenburg||1942||Duke Huno & Duke Johann are twins|
|31.131391||Duchess||Eilika of Oldenburg||1972||Archduke||Georg of Austria||1964||See 19.J32117|
|31.131392||Duchess||Tatjana Ingeborg of Oldenburg||1974||Count||Axel de Chavagnac||1967||Tatjana was engaged to marry Prince Jean of Orleans (Duke of Vendome) but due to religious reasons it was cancelled shortly before the marriage. The Orleans family being Catholics whilst the Oldenburg's are Protestant.|
|31.131393||Duke||Konstantin Nikolaus of Oldenburg||1975||Esther Sanchez Calvo||1981|
|31.1314||Duke||Friedrich August of Oldenburg||1900||1900|
|31.1315||Duchess||Alexandrine of Oldenburg||1900||1900|
|31.1316||Duchess||Ingeborg Alix of Oldenburg||1901||1996||Prince||Stephan of Schaumburg-Lippe||1891||1965||See
43.125 - An interesting account of
Ingeborg Alix's involvement with the SS towards the end of the second World
Prince Stephan possibly shared a cellar with Emperor Wilhelm II during an air raid by the British in late 1918 on Manheim
|31.1317||Duchess||Altburg of Oldenburg||1903||2001||Prince||Josias of Waldeck and Pyrmont||1896||1967||See
42.61 - Prince Josias
held high command in Hitler's Nazi and at the end of
the second World War he was arrested and tried for war crimes. In 1947 he was sentenced to life imprisonment, which was later commuted to 20 years
although he was released in 1950 on health grounds.
In 1950 an affidavit was read in court from Prince Josias (he was to ill to attend personally) that he was present on 30 June 1934 during the execution of six leaders of the Sturmabteilung (SA) also known as the "Brownshirts". The court were trying two former leaders of the SS for the murder of the six SA members.
|31.132||Duke||George of Oldenburg||1855||1939|
|31.14||Duke||Alexander of Oldenburg||1834||1835|
|31.15||Duke||August of Oldenburg||1836||1837|
|31.16||Duke||Elimar of Oldenburg||1844||1895||Baroness||Natalie Vogel von Friesenhof||1854||1937||Natalie was created Countess von Welsburg on 25 April 1896 some twenty year after her marriage to Elimar.
A heart warming article on their devotion to each other. Natalie's mother Alexandrine Nikolaievna Goncharova (1811-1891) was a sister of Natalia Nikolaevna Goncharova (1812-1863) the wife of the great Russian Poet Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (1799-1837)
|31.161||Countess||Friederike von Welsburg||1877||1901|
|31.162||Count||Alexander von Welsburg||1878||1927||Countess||Luise von Hahn||1885||1923||An interesting account of Alexander putting forward his claims to the succession to the throne of Oldenburg|
|31.2||Duke||Georg of Oldenburg||1784||1812||Grand Duchess||Catherine of Russia||1788||1819||See
4.6 - Catherine was married secondly to King Wilhelm I of Württemberg.
An interesting account surrounding the unfortunate death of Grand Duchess Catherine and her marital circumstances.
|31.21||Duke||Alexander of Oldenburg||1810||1829|
|31.22||Duke||Peter of Oldenburg||1812||1881||Princess||Therese of Nassau-Weiburg||1815||1871||See 33.2|
|31.221||Duchess||Alexandra of Oldenburg||1838||1900||Grand Duke||Nicholas of Russia||1831||1891||See
4.97 - Alexandra took the name "Alexandra Petrovna" on her marriage.
Report on the wedding of Duchess Alexandra and Grand Duke Nicholas
Duchess Alexandra and Grand Duke Nicholas were first cousins once removed. Duchess Alexandra's great grandfather Emperor Paul of all the Russias was a grandfather of Grand Duke Nicholas.
A brief account of the religious conversion from Protestant to orthodox of Duchess Alexandra.
A brief report on the death of Grand Duke Nicholas
|31.222||Duke||Nikolaus of Oldenburg||1840||1886||Marie Bulatzelly||1845||1907||Marie was created Countess von Osternburg on 13 July 1863|
|31.223||Duchess||Cecilie of Oldenburg||1842||1843|
|31.224||Duke||Alexander of Oldenburg||1844||1932||Princess||Eugenia Romanovsky||1845||1925||See
18.274 - According to an article in The New York Times
Duke Alexander was
the Russian candidate for the throne of Bulgaria.
If this had come to fruition Duke Alexander would have succeeded Prince Alexander of Battenberg who as Prince of Bulgaria was forced to abdicate in 1886 after strong pressure from Russia.
In 1879, Emperor Alexander II presented the estate of Ramon to his niece Princess Eugenia Romanovsky (her mother was a sister to Alexander II) and her husband as a wedding present. An interesting article on the estate and subsequent palace built by Eugenia and her husband Duke Alexander can be found on The History of Abandoned Princess Oldenburgs Palace in Ramon.
|31.2241||Duke||Peter of Oldenburg||1868||1924||Grand Duchess||Olga of Russia||1882||1960||See
4.9136 - Some sources refer to Olga as the last Grand Duchess of Russia. However, this does not take into account whether
Marie (1953 - ) daughter of Grand Duke Vladimir is entitled to use the style of Grand Duchess of Russia.
A very brief report on the wedding of Duke Peter and Grand Duchess Olga
|31.2241||Duke||Peter of Oldenburg||1868||1924||Olga Ratova-Rognova||1878||1953|
|31.225||Duchess||Katharine of Oldenburg||1846||1866|
|31.226||Duke||Georg of Oldenburg||1848||1871|
|31.227||Duke||Konstantin of Oldenburg||1850||1906||Aggripina Djaparidze||1855||1926||Aggripina was created Countess von Zarnekau on 20 October 1882.
Shortly after the death of Duke Konstantin an article appeared in The New York Daily Tribune which reported the involvement of Konstantin n the alleged secret marriage in 1893 of his close friend Grand Duke George of Russia to Princess Nakachidzs, daughter of a Caucasian nobleman. The article also mentions Princess Nakachidzs was a cousin of Konstantin's wife Aggripina.
|31.2271||Countess||Alexandra von Zarnekau||1883||1957||Prince||George Yourievsky||1872||1913||See 4.919|
|31.2271||Countess||Alexandra von Zarnekau||1883||1957||Leo Narishkin||1876||1931|
|31.2272||Countess||Catherine von Zarnekau||1884||1962||Ivan von Ploën||1878||1955|
|31.2272||Countess||Catherine von Zarnekau||1884||1962||Alexandre Tonne||?||?|
|31.2272||Countess||Catherine von Zarnekau||1884||1962||N Chomitchevski||?||?|
|31.2273||Count||Nicholas von Zarnekau||1886||1976||Marianne Pistohlkors||1890||1976||Marianne was the daughter of Olga Karnovitsch and Erik Augustinovich von Pistohlkors. Olga divorced her husband Erik when Marianne was a child and began an affair with Grand Duke Paul of Russia who she later married and became Princess Paley.|
|31.2273||Count||Nicholas von Zarnekau||1886||1976||Adrienne Haristay||1889||1985|
|31.2274||Count||Alexei von Zarnekau||1887||1918||Anna Behrs||1892||1959||Alexei was murdered by the Bolsheviks at St.Petersburg 16 September 1918.
Anna was a niece by marriage of Leo Tolstoy the Russian novelist. Tolstoy was married to Sophia Behrs who I understand was a sister to Anna's father.
It was reported that Vera Olcott (1893-?) an American dancer secretly married Alexei von Zarnekau whatever the truth she appears to have led an interesting life, see: here.
|31.2275||Count||Peter von Zarnekau||1889||1961||Princess||Tamara Schervachidze||1896||1931|
|31.2275||Count||Peter von Zarnekau||1889||1961||Alexandra Annenkova||1905||1985|
|31.2276||Countess||Nina von Zarnekau||1892||1922|
|31.228||Duchess||Therese Friederike of Oldenburg||1852||1883||Duke||George of Leuchtenberg (6 th Duke of Leuchtenberg)||1852||1912||See 18.277|