Monarchies of Europe

Belgian Royal FamilyBelgian Coat of Arms

Coats of Arms by permission of Arnaud Bunel

Press here for more information and a description of the numbering system adopted on the genealogical table below.

The Royal Decrees of Belgium can be found here. You need to type in the date range or names of individual in the Mot(s) box to be able to view the Royal Decree.

REFERENCE TITLE NAME BORN DIED   TITLE NAME BORN DIED COMMENTS
14 King Leopold I of the Belgians 1790 1865 Princess Charlotte of Great Britain 1796 1817 See 28.8 - Leopold was previously Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (from 1826 Saxe-Coburg and Gotha) and became King of the Belgians on 21 July 1831, some fourteen years after the death of his wife Charlotte who died in childbirth. A detailed report on the death of Princess Charlotte.
A further tragedy was to occur about four months after the death of Princess Charlotte. Sir Richard Croft an accoucheur (male midwife and obstetrician) who had attended Princess Charlotte during the birth of her stillborn son committed suicide by gun shot to his head. He carried out this sad occurrence whilst attending to another patient who was in the final stage of giving birth. The death of Princess Charlotte had played heavily on his mind.
The Belgian crown was originally offered to Prince Louise of Orleans (Duke of Nemours) but this was rejected by his father King Louis-Philippe I of France. Belgium, with Holland formed the Kingdom of the Netherlands as confirmed by the Congress of Vienna on 9 June 1815. A Belgian uprising in 1830 resulted in an enforced separation of the two countries but it wasn't until 19 April 1839 that King Willem I of the Netherlands accepted a settlement and the independent and neutral state of Belgium came into being.
14 King Leopold I of the Belgians 1790 1865   Caroline Bauer 1807 1877 Although not mentioned in some Royal Genealogy sources Leopold married secondly and morganatically Caroline Bauer (1807-1877) in 1829 apparently by signing a contract rather than in a religious wedding, in the contract she was created Countess of Montgomery. They were divorced not long after with Caroline returning to her acting career. Caroline died in 1877 from an overdose of sleeping-pills and in 1885 a posthumous book "Posthumous Memoirs of Caroline Bauer" was published giving details of her life with Leopold. Caroline Bauer was a cousin to Baron Stockmar advisor to Leopold and his niece Queen Victoria of Great Britain An interesting article from the "The New York Times" of November 2, 1884 can be found here.
Google have scanned the book and made it available here.
A report on the death of Caroline Bauer.
14 King Leopold I of the Belgians 1790 1865 Princess Louise Marie of Orleans 1812 1850 See 13.2 & 28.8 - Leopold was previously Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and became King of the Belgians on 21 July 1831. The Belgian crown was originally offered to Prince Louis of Orleans (Duke of Nemours) but this was rejected by his father King Louis-Philippe I of France. Belgium, with Holland formed the Kingdom of the Netherlands as confirmed by the Congress of Vienna on 9 June 1815. A Belgian uprising in 1830 resulted in an enforced separation of the two countries but it wasn't until 19 April 1839 that King Willem I of the Netherlands accepted a settlement and the independent and neutral state of Belgium came into being.
A somewhat unusual report of the wedding of Leopold and Louise Marie.
The New York Times announcement of the death of King Leopold.
14.1 Prince Louis-Philippe of Belgium 1833 1834          
14.2 King Leopold II of the Belgians (Duke of Brabant 1840-1865) 1835 1909 Archduchess Marie Henriette of Austria (Hungarian Line) 1836 1902 See 21.8 - Leopold was gravely ill in early December 1909 and on 14 December 1909 was allegedly married to his lover Blanche Delacroix (1883-1948) (sometimes referred to as Caroline Lacroix) by a royal chaplain, Leopold died a few days later on 17 December 1909. Leopold had two sons out of wedlock with Blanche, Lucien (1906-1984) and Philippe (1907-1914), Philippe is reported to have been born handicapped resulting in his early death. Caroline is said to have been created Baroness de Vaughan in Belgium (a courtesy title) with Lucien becoming the Count of Tervuren, and Philippe the Count of Ravenstein.
A report on the birth registration of Philippe where the father apparently was shown as "father not declared".
A Royal Decree of 16 December 1840 assigned the heir apparent to the crown (i.e. Leopold) the title of Duke of Brabant.
The New York Times report of the death of King Leopold and his infidelities.
Blanche later married Antoine Durrieux and The New York Times reported in August 1910 the possibility Blanche and Antoine were already married at the time of the alleged marriage of Leopold and Blanche.
The New York Times notice of the death of Archduchess (Queen) Marie Henriette.
The marriage of Blanche and Antoine Durrieux was thought to be a record for a quick wedding.
14.21 Princess Louise of Belgium 1858 1924 Prince Philip of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1844 1921 See 28.521 - Louise eloped to Nice 1898 with her husband's chamberlain Géza Mattachich (1868-1923). She was eventually captured and returned to Vienna and placed in a lunatic asylum at the instigation of her husband. Prince Philip was considered one of the most dissolute princes and his drunken and violent behaviour towards his wife led to her attachment to Géza Mattachich. Louise managed to escape in 1904 and fled to France with her lover Géza Mattachich, she obtained her divorce from her husband Philip in 1906 (one source mentions 1907) and lived the rest of life with Géza Mattachich although they never married. Géza Mattachich was the stepson of Count Oskar Keglewitch (or Keglevich) and unofficially assumed the countly title of his stepfather (i.e. assumed title Count Keglewitch).
An interesting article from The New York Times which includes the introduction to a book by Géza Mattachich.
According to the The New York Times 31 December 1905 Prince Philip was to pay Princess Louise $211,000 a year as alimony plus $1,000,000 by instalments as part of the settlement for their divorce.
A report on the civil marriage of Louise and Philip.
A report following the death of Princess Louise
14.22 Prince Leopold of Belgium (Duke of Brabant 1865-1869) 1859 1869         Leopold died from pneumonia, after falling into a pond.
Obituary of Prince Leopold.
There is an error in the obituary in that it mentions "The first Duke of Brabant , heir presumptive to the throne of Belgium, of the present dynasty, died at the Chateau of Laeken in May, 1834, at the age of ten months. He was the first child of the marriage of Leopold I with Queen Louise Marie, Princess of Orleans, daughter of King Louis Philippe, and was born in July, 1833." The prince who died in 1834 was Prince Louis-Philippe of Belgium (1833-1834)
The first Duke of Brabant was in fact Louis-Philippe's younger brother Leopold (future King Leopold II) who was Duke of Brabant 1840 (by Royal Decree dated 16 December 1840) until 1865 when he succeeded his father as King of the Belgians
14.23 Princess Stephanie of Belgium 1864 1945 Crown Prince Rudolph of Austria 1858 1889 See 19.J13 - Rudolph committed suicide after killing his his eighteen year old mistress Baroness Maria Vetsera in in Mayerling.
A report on the marriage of Rudolph and Stephanie.
14.23 Princess Stephanie of Belgium 1864 1945 Count Elemer Lónyay de Nagy-Lónya et Vásáros-Namény 1863 1946 Elemer was created Prince Lónyay de Nagy-Lónya et Vásáros-Namény by Emperor Karl of Austria on 9 February 1917. An interesting Web Site on the lands and castle acquired by Stephanie and Elemer at Rusovce.
The New York Times article on Stephanie's attempt to receive more money from the inheritance of her mother Queen Marie Henriette.
A report on the marriage of Stephanie and Elemer Lónyay. Another report on the marriage.
14.24 Princess Clementine of Belgium 1872 1955 Prince Napoléon Victor Bonaparte (Prince Napoléon) 1862 1926 See 22.1231 - A report on the wedding of Princess Clementine and Prince Napoléon
14.3 Prince Phillippe of Belgium (Count of Flanders) 1837 1905 Princess Marie of Hohenzollern 1845 1912 See 6.6 - Phillippe was considered as a candidate for Prince of Roumania in 1866 but declined the offer. The Count of Flanders was heir apparent to the Belgian throne but on 28 May 1905 he formally renounced his rights to the crown in favour of his son, Albert. The Count of Flanders health was deteriorating and he was totally deaf and had never really expressed earlier inclinations to succeed to the throne.
The title Count of Flanders was granted by Royal Decree dated 16 December 1840).
Report on the wedding of Count of Flanders and Marie.
The New York Times report on the death of the Count of Flanders
Report on the death of the Countess of Flanders
14.31 Prince Baudouin of Belgium 1869 1891         Obituary of Prince Baudouin.
This obituary mentions Baudouin died from congestion of the lung with rumours he actually died from smallpox. 
14.32 Princess Josephine Marie of Belgium 1870 1871         Princess Josephine and Princess Henriette were twins
14.33 Princess Henriette of Belgium 1870 1948 Prince Philippe Emmanuel of Orleans (France) (Duke of Vendome and Alencon) 1872 1931 See 13.422 - Princess Josephine and Princess Henriette were twins
14.34 Princess Josephine Caroline of Belgium 1872 1958 Prince Carl Anton of Hohenzollern 1868 1919 See 6.13
14.35 King Albert I of the Belgians 1875 1934 Duchess Elisabeth in Bavaria 1876 1965 See 18.K53 - Albert was killed in a rock climbing accident at Marche-les-Dames, in the Ardennes region of Belgium. near Namur.
Albert succeeded his uncle Leopold II as King of the Belgians and was highly thought of due to his leadership of Belgium during the first World War.
Report on the wedding of Albert and Elisabeth
14.351 King Leopold III of the Belgians (Duke of Brabant 1909-1934) 1901 1983 Princess Astrid of Sweden 1905 1935 See 3.1333 - Princess (actually Queen of the Belgians) Astrid was killed in a car accident in Küssnacht, Switzerland, the car being driven by her husband Leopold . They were driving along the winding, narrow roads near their villa at Küssnacht am Rigi, Schwyz, Switzerland on the shores of Lake of Lucerne, Leopold lost control of the vehicle and the car plunged down a ravine. Leopold abdicated on 16 July 1951 in favour of his son Baudouin which followed public outrage regarding his second marriage and his conduct during the second World War.
A report on the crowning of Leopold as King of the Belgians.
Leopold was the youngest soldier in the Belgian Army when he was enrolled in 1915 as a private in the 12th Regiment of the Belgian Infantry.
Leopold was sent by his father to Eton School in 1915 and a this is a photograph of Leopold from the period
14.351 King Leopold III of the Belgians (Duke of Brabant 1909-1934) 1901 1983   Mary-Liliane "Liliane" Baels 1916 2002 Leopold's standing after the death of his first wife was greatly diminished. This was compounded by his second marriage to a commoner Mary Liliane "Liliane" Baels in 1941 and the fact he decided to stay in Belgium during its occupation by German forces until he was deported to Germany in 1944. A plebiscite in 1950 invited Leopold to return but after consideration he abdicated on 16 July 1951 in favour of his son Baudouin.
Mary Liliane "Liliane" Baels initially received the title Princess de Réthy and later Princess of Belgium following her civil wedding. Their religious marriage ceremony took place on 11 September 1941 with the official, civil marriage not taking place until 6 December 1941.
Birth Registration of Mary Liliane "Liliane" Baels
14.3511 Princess Josephine Charlotte of Belgium 1927 2005 Grand Duke Jean of Luxemburg 1921   See 34.221 - Grand Duke Jean abdicated on 7 October 2000 and was succeeded by his son Henri.
A report on the wedding of Prince (later Grand Duke) Jean and Princess Joséphine-Charlotte
14.3512 King Baudouin I of the Belgians (Duke of Brabant 1934-1951) 1930 1993 Dońa Fabiola de Mora y Aragón 1928 2014 The Law of Succession in Belgium was changed by Royal Decree published on 05 December 1991 but with effect from 02 December 1991, whereby the standards of Salic Law was abolished in favour of succession by order of birth and applying to the descendants of King Albert II. Hitherto the Constitution of 1831 excluded women from the throne.
Report on the wedding of Baudouin and Fabiola
14.3513 King Albert II of the Belgians 1934   Princess Paola Ruffo di Calabria 1937   A report on the wedding of Albert and Paola.
Albert has a daughter Delphine Boël by Sybille, Baroness de Selys Longchamps. Delphine was born on 22 February 1968 and bears the name of Jacques Boël the husband of her mother Sybille (Jacques and Sybille were married in 1962).
King Albert II abdicated his throne on 21 July 2013 in favour of his son Philippe
14.35131 King Philippe of the Belgians (Duke of Brabant 1993-2013) 1960     Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz 1973   Mathilde was granted the title Princess of Belgium ad personam by Royal Decree on 8 November 1999, which was published on 13 November 1999 but didn't come into force until 4 December 1999, when she married Prince Philippe.
Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz's father Patrick d'Udekem d'Acoz (1936-2008) was created a Count by King Albert II of the Belgians on the marriage of Mathilde to Philippe.
Philippe was Crown Prince of Belgium (Duke of Brabant) until the abdication of his father King Albert II on 21 July 2013
14.351311 Princess Elisabeth of Belgium (Duchess of Brabant 2013-present) 2001           On 16 October 2001 (nine days before the birth of Elisabeth) a Royal Decree was issued which amended the Royal Decree dated 16 December 1840. The effect of which was to replace the automatic right of the eldest son of the King to the title the Duke of Brabant by the title of Duke of Brabant or Duchess of Brabant being granted to the eldest son or daughter of the King. This means that when her father Philippe became King, Elisabeth was granted the title of Duchess of Brabant in her right rather than as the spouse of a Duke of Brabant, the birth of her younger brothers would not usurp her rights as Duchess of Brabant and as future Queen of the Belgians.
14.351312 Prince Gabriel Baudouin of Belgium 2003            
14.351313 Prince Emmanuel Leopold of Belgium 2005            
14.351314 Princess Eléonore of Belgium 2008            
14.35132 Princess Astrid of Belgium 1962   Archduke Lorenz of Austria-Este 1955   See 19.J32132 - Lorenz was created Prince of Belgium by Royal Decree (number 1995021415) published on 14 November 1995 but with effect from 10 November 1995. The children of Princess Astrid and Archduke Lorenz are also Prince or Princess of Belgium from 1991 following a change to the Belgium Constitutional Laws which repealed the laws of succession by male primogeniture.
14.35133 Prince Laurent of Belgium 1963     Claire Coombs 1974   Claire was granted the title Princess of Belgium ad personam by Royal Decree (Number 2003021084) on 1 April 2003, which was published on 8 April 2003 but didn't come into force until 12 April 2003, when she married Prince Laurent.
Birth Registration of Claire Coombs
14.351331 Princess Louise Sophie of Belgium 2004            
14.351332 Prince Nicolas Casimir of Belgium 2005            
14.351333 Prince Aymeric Auguste of Belgium 2005            
14.3514 Prince Alexandre of Belgium 1942 2009   Lea Wolman 1951   Prince Alexandre and Lea Wolman were married in 1991 although it was not made public until 1998. Lea was created Princess of Belgium in her right (information being checked).
Marriage Registration of Prince Alexandre and Lea Wolman.
Obituary on Prince Alexandre
14.3515 Princess Marie Christina of Belgium 1951     Paul Druker 1937 2008 Marie Christina's marriage to Paul Druker lasted 40 days.
Obituary on Paul Druker
14.3515 Princess Marie Christina of Belgium 1951     Jean-Paul Gourgues 1949    
14.3516 Princess Marie-Esmeralda of Belgium 1956     Salvador Moncada 1944   Princess Marie-Esmeralda is a journalist working under the name of Esmeralda de Rethy
14.35161   Alexandra Leopoldine Moncada 1998            
14.35162   Leopoldo Daniel Moncada 2001            
14.352 Prince Charles of Belgium (Count of Flanders) 1903 1983   Jacqueline Peyrebrune 1921   On the liberation of Belgium, King Leopold III was not in the country, having been deported to Germany by the occupiers. As the Constitution provides for the possibility of a Regency, Prince Charles was made Regent of the Kingdom by the Combined Chambers of Parliament. On 20 September 1944, Prince Charles took the constitutional oath. He exercised the royal prerogatives until 20 July 1950.
It would appear the marriage of Charles to Jacqueline was not legal. Their union was blessed in a private religious ceremony on 14 September 1977, but under French law a religious marriage must be preceded by a civil one. 
14.3521   Isabelle Wybo 1938           Isabelle Wybo is the daughter of Charles of Belgium (Count of Flanders) and Jacqueline Wehrli (who married Arthur Wybo around about 1942). Various reports mentions Isabelle has been accepted into the Belgium Royal for many years. A video of Isabelle and her cousin (once removed) Prince Laurent of Belgium.
14.353 Princess Marie-José of Belgium 1906 2001 King Umberto II of Italy 1904 1983 See 8.1213 - Umberto succeeded his father as King on 9 May 1946. In a referendum on 2 June 1946 12.7 million (actually 12,672,767) Italians voted in favour of a republic and 10.7 million (actually 10,688,905) for the retention of the monarchy. Although Umberto refused to accept the vote against the monarchy he left Italy on 13 June 1946 to prevent the outbreak of violence.
14.4 Princess Charlotte of Belgium 1840 1927 Archduke Maximilian of Austria 1832 1867 See 19.J2 - Maximillian was created Emperor of Mexico in 1864 with the support of the French and falsely believing he had the general support of the people of Mexico. Napoleon's French troops were forced under pressure from the United Sates of America to withdraw from Mexico. Maximilian refused to abdicate and was captured and executed by the Mexicans. Charlotte went "Mad" during 1866 trying to get assistance in Europe for her husband. She spent the remaining 60 years after the death of her husband locked up a chateau outside Brussels.

Note - QVD against a reference number indicates the first named individual is a descendant of Queen Victoria.

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Last Updated on 14 January 2017
By Allan Raymond
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