Monarchies of Europe

Saxony Royal FamilySaxony Coat of Arms

Coats of Arms by permission of Arnaud Bunel

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REFERENCE TITLE NAME BORN DIED   TITLE NAME BORN DIED COMMENTS
26 Elector Friedrich Christian of Saxony 1722 1763 Princess Maria Antonia of Bavaria 1724 1780 Friedrich Christian's father Elector Frederick Augustus II of Saxony (1696-1763) was also King of Poland as Augustus III but following the latter's death Stanislaw August Poniatowski was elected King of Poland in 1764. Stanislaw August Poniatowski via his mother belonged to the powerful Polish Czartoryski family.
Friedrich Christian reign was very short lived, he only reigned for 74 days from 5 October 1963 to 17 December 1763 before succumbing to smallpox.
26.1 Elector Friedrich August III of Saxony 1750 1827 Countess Maria Amalie von Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler 1752 1828 Friedrich August III assumed the title King of Saxony as Friedrich August I on 11 December 1806. Maria Amalie was a sister to Count Maximilian of Birkenfeld-Zweibruken (later King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria)
26.11 Princess Maria Augusta of Saxony 1782 1863          
26.2 Prince Karl Maximilian of Saxony 1752 1781          
26.3 Prince Joseph Maria of Saxony 1754 1763          
26.4 King Anton Clemens of Saxony 1755 1836 Princess Caroline of Savoy 1764 1782 Caroline was the daughter of King Victor Amedeo III of Sardinia (1726-1796) and a sister to King Charles Felix of Sardinia (1765-1831)
26.4 King Anton Clemens of Saxony 1755 1836 Archduchess Therese of Austria 1767 1827 Therese was the eldest child of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and a sister to Emperor Franz I of Austria and also of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (Grand Duke Ferdinando III of Tuscany)
26.5 Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony 1757 1831 Duke Karl II von Zweibrücken 1746 1795 Karl was succeeded as Duke von Zweibrücken by his brother Count Maximilian of Birkenfeld-Zweibruken who later became Elector of Bavaria in 1799, culminating as the first King of Bavaria on 1 January 1806.
26.6 Prince Maximilian Maria of Saxony 1759 1838 Princess Carolina of Bourbon-Parma 1770 1804 There were unrests in Saxony particularly in Leipzig and Dresden in 1830 and the people were demanding a young regent to share the government with Maximilian's brother King Anton. As a result Maximilian renounced his rights to the throne on 1 September 1830 in favour of his son Friedrich August.
Maximilian married secondly Princess Carolina's niece Princess Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Parma in 1825 some twenty one years after the death of Carolina.
26.6 Prince Maximilian Maria of Saxony 1759 1838 Princess Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Parma 1802 1857 There were unrests in Saxony particularly in Leipzig and Dresden in 1830 and the people were demanding a young regent to share the government with Maximilian's brother King Anton. As a result Maximilian renounced his rights to the throne on 1 September 1830 in favour of his son Friedrich August.
Maximilian was firstly married to Princess Carolina of Bourbon-Parma an aunt to Princess Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Parma . Maria Luisa was some forty three years younger than her husband Maximilian.
26.61 Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony 1794 1870          
26.62 Princess Maria Ferdinanda of Saxony 1796 1865 Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (Tuscany Line) - (Grand Duke Ferdinando III of Tuscany) 1769 1824 See 20 - Ferdinand became Grand Duke of Tuscany in 1790 when it was ceded to him by his father Leopold (on becoming Holy Roman Emperor).
The funeral of Grand Duke Leopoldo which was conducted by Pope Pius IX
26.63 King Friedrich August II of Saxony 1797 1854 Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria 1801 1832 See 19.9 - Friedrich August died from a carriage accident. His carriage overturned at Brenbuchel, situated between Munich and Dresden resulting in him being thrown out onto the road and one of the horses kicked him in the head.
An interesting article from The Times following the death of Friedrich August
26.63 King Friedrich August II of Saxony 1797 1854 Princess Marie Anne of Bavaria 1805 1877 See 18.J - Friedrich August died from a carriage accident. His carriage overturned at Brenbuchel, situated between Munich and Dresden resulting in him being thrown out onto the road and one of the horses kicked him in the head.
An interesting article from The Times following the death of Friedrich August
26.64 Prince Clemens Maria 1798 1822          
26.65 Princess Maria Anna Carolina of Saxony 1799 1832 Archduke Leopoldo of Austria (Tuscany Line) - (Grand Duke Leopoldo II of Tuscany) 1797 1870 See 20.3 - Leopoldo abdicated his throne on 21 July 1859 in favour of his son Archduke Ferdinando
26.66 King Johann of Saxony 1801 1873 Princess Amalie Auguste of Bavaria 1801 1877 See 18.8
The Golden Wedding Celebrations on 10 November 1872 of King Johann and Queen Amalie Auguste. They were married by representation on 10 November and in person on 21 November 1822.
Obituary of King Johann.
26.661 Princess Maria Auguste of Saxony 1827 1857         A brief report on the death of Maria Auguste.
26.662 King Albrecht of Saxony 1828 1902 Princess Karola Frederikke of Sweden (Vasa line) 1833 1907 See 32.1411
There were reports in 1852 that Karola was to be married to Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte at that time President of France and later Emperor Napoleon III of the French.
Obituary of King Albrecht.
New York Time Report on the death of Dowager Queen Karola
26.663 Princess Elisabeth of Saxony 1830 1912 Prince Ferdinanda of Sardinia (Duke of Genoa) 1822 1855 See 8.2 - Ferdinanda was created Duke of Genoa in 1831
26.663 Princess Elisabeth of Saxony 1830 1912 Marchese Niccolo Rapallo 1825 1882  
26.664 Prince Ernst of Saxony 1831 1847          
26.665 King Georg of Saxony 1832 1904 Infanta Maria Anna of Portugal 1843 1884 See 12.415
Obituary of King Georg and another report on his death
26.6651 Princess Maria of Saxony 1860 1861          
26.6652 Princess Elizabeth of Saxony 1862 1863          
26.6653 Princess Mathilde of Saxony 1863 1933          
26.6654 King Friedrich Augustus III of Saxony 1865 1932 Archduchess Luisa Antoinette of Austria (Tuscany Line) 1870 1947 See 20.353 - Friedrich abdicated his throne on 13 November 1918.
Luise didn't follow the etiquette at the Saxony court which resulted in arguments with her father in law King Georg of Saxony.
On 9 (or possibly 11/12) December 1902 Luisa with the assistance of her brother Archduke Leopold left Saxony without her children but pregnant to meet up with the teacher of her children, André Giron. She was divorced on 11 February 1903 and created Countess of Montignoso on 13 July 1903. Luise married the Musician Enrico Toselli in London on 25 September 1907.
Luisa's daughter Anna Monika Pia of Saxony was born on 4 May 1903 in Lindau, Bavaria and despite the efforts of the Court of Saxony who's representatives were present for the birth it wasn't until 7 April 1908 that Anna Monika Pia arrived in Dresden, Saxony into the care of her father.
It was reported shortly after the divorce of Friedrich and Luisa that Friedrich was likely to contract a marriage with one of Luisa's younger sisters.
Obituary of King Friedrich Augustus
26.66541 Prince Georg of Saxony 1893 1943         Georg renounced his rights when he joined the Jesuit Order in 1924 and according to one report was assassinated by the Nazi's for hiding Jewish citizens.
Other reports mentions he went swimming on 14 May 1943 in the Groß-Glienicke lake in Berlin, Germany and a search was made of the lake when he hadn't returned. His body was not located until three weeks later with deep, brown-coloured wound behind one of his ears. It was assumed that he had hurt himself under water on a piece of metal, had got stuck and had drowned. Another report on the death of Georg.
26.66542 Prince Friedrich Christian of Saxony (Margrave of Meissen) 1893 1968 Princess Elizabeth of Thurn and Taxis 1903 1976 See 24.46346 - Friedrich became the Saxony dynastic heir in 1924 and adopted the title of Margrave of Meissen
26.665421 Prince Maria Emanuel of Saxony (Margrave of Meissen) 1926 2012 Princess Anastasia-Louise of Anhalt 1940   See 24.733451 - Maria Emanuel was the Head of the Royal House of Saxony. He was arrested by the Gestapo and jailed in Dresden and only narrowly escaped a death sentence in 1944.
Detailed information relating to the Saxony succession can be found: here.
A family pact was signed by the senior members of the Saxony family in May 1997 in which it was agreed the headship of the Royal House of Saxony should devolved to his nephew Alexander de Afif-Gessaphe on the death of Maria Emanuel (Margrave of Meissen).
Following the death of Maria Emanuel his brother Prince Albert apparently reneged on the family pact of 1997 and considered himself as head of the Royal House.
26.665422 Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony 1928            
26.665423 Princess Maria Anna of Saxony 1929 2012   Robert de Afif-Gessaphe 1916 1978 The Afif family were originally the Gessaphe family, a princely family from Lebanon. Robert is a brother of Alexandra Afif-Gessaphe
26.6654231   Alexander de Afif-Gessaphe 1954   Princess Gisela of Bavaria 1964   See 18.151567 - Alexander was named by the Margrave of Meissen as his heir in 1997 and was adopted by the Margrave on 1 June 1999 after which he and his two brothers took the title of Prince von Sachsen-Gessaphe.
An interview with Alexander de Afif-Gessaphe
26.66542311 Prince Georg-Philipp von Sachsen-Gessaphe 1988            
26.66542312 Prince Mauricio-Gabriel von Sachsen-Gessaphe 1989            
26.66542313 Prince Paul Clemens von Sachsen-Gessaphe 1993            
26.66542314 Princess Maria Teresita von Sachsen-Gessaphe 1999            
26.6654232   Friedrich Wilhelm de Afif-Gessaphe 1955           Friedrich bears the title of Prince von Sachsen-Gessaphe from 1997
26.6654233   Karl August de Afif-Gessaphe 1958     Karen Kurth 1962   Karl bears the title of Prince von Sachsen-Gessaphe from 1997
26.6654233   Karl August de Afif-Gessaphe 1958     Anke Lioba Kunert 1978   Karl bears the title of Prince von Sachsen-Gessaphe from 1997
26.66542331   Maria Antonia Afif Prinzessin von Sachsen-Gessaphe 1994            
26.66542332   Maria Fernanda Afif Prinzessin von Sachsen-Gessaphe 1999            
26.66542333   Clemens Maria Roberto Quirin Prinz von Sachsen Gessaphe 2008            
26.66542334   Johann Nepomuk Prinz von Sachsen Gessaphe 2011            
26.665424 Prince Albert of Saxony 1934 2012   Elmira Henke 1930   A family pact was signed by the senior members of the Saxony family in May 1997 in which it was agreed the headship of the Royal House of Saxony should devolve to Maria Emanuel (Margrave of Meissen) nephew Alexander de Afif-Gessaphe on the death of Maria Emanuel.
Following the death of Maria Emanuel his brother Prince Albert apparently reneged on the family pact of 1997 and considered himself as head of the Royal House. In the event Albert died just over two months after the death of his brother Maria Emanuel
26.665425 Princess Mathilde of Saxony 1936   Prince Johannes Heinrich of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha 1931 2010 See 28.522241
26.66543 Prince Ernst Heinrich of Saxony 1896 1971 Princess Sophia of Luxemburg 1902 1941 See 34.26
Prince Ernst Heinrich was arrested in Germany in 1946 for Blackmarketing
26.66543 Prince Ernst Heinrich of Saxony 1896 1971   Virginia Dulon 1910 2002 Death report of Virginia
26.665431 Prince Dedo of Saxony 1922 2009         Dedo and his brother Gero emigrated to Ireland after the Second World War. They became Irish Nationals and took the surname Saxony.
According to the Royal Musings blog, Dedo and Gero emigrated to Canada in 1969 whereas the death report of their stepmother Virginia in the Independent.ie quotes both brothers were still living in Ireland
26.665432 Prince Timo of Saxony 1923 1982   Margrit Lucas 1932 1957 DER SPIEGEL articles on
Timo and his wife Margrit (1)
Timo and his wife Margrit (2)
Timo and his wife Margrit (3)
26.665432 Prince Timo of Saxony 1923 1982   Charlotte Schwindack 1919    
26.665432 Prince Timo of Saxony 1923 1982   Erna (also called Erina or Erina) Eilts 1921 2010 Erna was married twice prior to her marriage to Prince Timo in 1974, she married a fourth time after the death of Timo.
Her first marriage was to Georg Dinkla (married 1948 divorced 1948).
Her second marriage was to Arthur Hardisty (married 1949 divorced 1962). The marriage registration of Erna and Arthur Hardisty.
Her fourth marriage was to Paul Spinat (married 1985)
26.6654321 Prince Rudiger of Saxony 1953     Astrid Linke 1949 1989 Astrid died of a drug overdose
26.6654321 Prince Rudiger of Saxony 1953     Diana Dorndorf 1958   The second marriage of Rudiger to Diana took place in January 2004. Rudiger was filing for divorce as at May 2005. (Thanks to Royals Portal posting on 18 May 2005). A press report of the intended divorce can be seen at Sächsische Zeitung (online) 18 May 2005, the age of Diana Dorndorf was given as 46 in the article inferring she was born in about 1959
26.66543211 Prince Daniel of Saxony 1975     Sandra Scherer 1977   The marriage of Daniel and Sandra is reported in Bilde.de (online) 01 August 2011, the age of Sandra Scherer was given as 33 in the article inferring she was born in about 1978
26.665432111 Princess Anna-Catharina of Saxony 2013           A report on the birth of Anna-Catharina plus further details from the Saxon Family Web Site
26.665432112 Prince Gero Friedrich of Saxony 2015            
26.66543212 Prince Arne of Saxony 1977     Sarah Schneider 1979    
26.665432121 Princess Rosa Kunigunde of Saxony 2010            
26.665432122 Princess Frida Erdmuthe of Saxony 2011            
26.66543213 Prince Nils of Saxony 1978     Jedida Taborek 1975    
26.665432131 Prince Moritz Victor of Saxony 2009            
26.665432132 Princess Aurelie Marie of Saxony 2010            
26.665432133 Princess Felicitas Johanna of Saxony 2015            
26.6654322 Princess Iris of Saxony 1955     Hans Jurgen Hadam 1950 1977  
26.6654322 Princess Iris of Saxony 1955   Count Wolfgang Deym von Stritetz 1943   Wolfgang "Konig" took the title Count Deym von Stritetz following his adoption by Count Leopold Deym von Stritetz
26.6654322 Princess Iris of Saxony 1955     Ulrich Schuhmacher 1953    
26.6654322 Princess Iris of Saxony 1955     Wolfgang Siegfried Dohring 1941 2008  
26.665433 Prince Gero of Saxony 1925 2003         Gero and his brother Dedo emigrated to Ireland after the Second World War. They became Irish Nationals and took the surname Saxony.
According to the Royal Musings blog, Dedo and Gero emigrated to Canada in 1969 whereas the death report of their stepmother Virginia in the Independent.ie quotes both brothers were still living in Ireland
26.66544 Princess Maria of Saxony 1898 1898          
26.66545 Princess Margarita of Saxony 1900 1962 Prince Friedrich of Hohenzollern 1891 1965 See 6.112
26.66546 Princess Maria Alix of Saxony 1901 1990 Prince Franz Joseph of Hohenzollern-Emden 1891 1964 See 6.113 - Franz Joseph was allowed to add the name "Emden" to Hohenzollern by decree of the German Ministry of the Interior on 18 November 1933 as a tribute to the German cruisercruiser "Emden". Franz Joseph was 2nd Torpedo officer on the "Emden" and wrote a book "EMDEN - THE LAST CRUISE OF THE CHIVALROUS RAIDER, 1914".
The "Emden" sank or captured thirty Allied merchant vessels and warships in 1914 before herself being run aground by her captain to prevent her from sinking after attack by the Australian cruiser Sydney. Some 130 men lost their lives on board the "Emden", the captain and surviving members of the crew which included Franz Joseph were held in captivity until the end of the war.
In October 1934 a memorial tablet was un-veiled on the new German cruiser Emden commemorating the exploits of the former cruiser Emden.
26.66547 Princess Anna Monika Pia of Saxony 1903 1976 Archduke Joseph Franz of Austria (Hungarian Line) 1895 1957 See 21.741 - Princess Anna Monika Pia took centre stage in the news in 1908. Her parents were King Friedrich Augustus III of Saxony and his unconventional wife Archduchess Luisa Antoinette of Tuscany.
Luise didn't follow the etiquette at the Saxony court which resulted in arguments with her father in law King Georg of Saxony.
On 9 (or possibly 11/12) December 1902 Luisa with the assistance of her brother Archduke Leopold left Saxony without her children but pregnant (with Anna Monika) to meet up with the teacher of her children, André Giron. She was divorced on 11 February 1903 and created Countess of Montignoso on 13 July 1903. Luise married the Musician Enrico Toselli in London on 25 September 1907.
Anna Monika Pia was born on 4 May 1903 in Lindau, Bavaria and despite the efforts of the Court of Saxony who's representatives were present for the birth it was a number of years before her mother handed her over to the her father. Finally on 7 April 1908 Anna Monika Pia arrived in Dresden, Saxony into the care of her father.
Biographical details of Joseph Franz
26.66547 Princess Anna Monika Pia of Saxony 1903 1976   Reginald Kazanjian 1905 1990  
26.6655 Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony 1867 1944 Archduke Otto of Austria 1865 1906 See 19.J32 - New York Times report on the death of Archduke Otto
26.6656 Prince Johann Georg of Saxony 1869 1938 Duchess Marie Isabell of Württemberg 1871 1904 See 22.K313
26.6656 Prince Johann Georg of Saxony 1869 1938 Princess Maria Immaculate of Bourbon-Two Sicilies 1874 1947 See 37.5544
26.6657 Prince Maximilian of Saxony 1870 1951         Maximilian renounced his hereditary rights to the Saxony throne when he entered the priesthood,he was ordained as a priest on 26 July 1896.Strangely this renunciation had a proviso that it would be null and void if at any time he were the only surviving male prince of the Saxony Royal family.
The New York Times speculated in a report that Maximilian entered the priesthood because his hopeless passion for a reigning sovereign broke his heart.
Maximilian apparently in 1914 was thought of as a possibly Cardinal as successor to the German Cardinal Georg von Kopp who died 4 March 1914.
Maximilian worked for a period of at least four years as a priest in London.
A report on his death.
26.6658 Prince Albert of Saxony 1875 1900         Albert died after he was thrown out of a carriage.
Infante Miguel of Portugal (Bragança) (1853-1927) was indirectly responsible for the death of Prince Albert. It appears whilst both were travelling from some country house Miguel was "showing off" which caused the wheels of his carriage to hit the wheels of Albert's carriage causing the latter's carriage to overturn. Prince Albert died a few hours later from the injuries sustained in the accident.
A slightly different report mentions Prince Albert was returning to his garrison after dinner at his fathers residence when the accident occurred.
26.666 Princess Maria Sidonia of Saxony 1834 1862          
26.667 Princess Anne of Saxony 1836 1859 Archduke Ferdinand of Austria (Tuscany Line) - (Grand Duke Ferdinand IV of Tuscany) 1835 1908 See 20.35 - Ferdinand lost his throne in 1860 when Tuscany was united with Sardinia on 22 March 1860.
According to Louise of Tuscany, Ex-Crown Princess of Saxony book "My OWN STORY" Anne died from typhoid fever contracted through eating oysters,
26.668 Princess Margarethe of Saxony 1840 1858 Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria 1833 1896 See 19.J3
26.669 Princess Sophie of Saxony 1845 1867 Duke Karl Theodor in Bavaria 1839 1909 See 18.K5 - Karl Theodor became a doctor of medicine specialising in ophthalmology. In 1895 and supported by his second wife Infanta Maria José of Portugal (1857-1943) he purchased a property on Nymphenburger Strasse 43 in Munich and set up the Herzog Carl Theodor Eye Clinic as a "Charitable Institute for Indigent Eye Patients". where he continued to practice until his death.
26.67 Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony 1803 1829 King Fernando VII of Spain 1784 1833 King Fernando was married four times:
First - Princess Marie Antoinetta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Second - Infanta Maria Isabel Francisca of Portugal
Third - Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony
Fourth - Princess Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
26.7 Princess Therese Maria of Saxony 1761 1820          

Note - QVD against a reference number indicates the first named individual is a descendant of Queen Victoria.

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01 December 2016
By Allan Raymond
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