|47||Archduke||Ferdinand Karl of Austria||1754||1806||Princess||Maria Beatrice d'Este (Princess of Modena)||1750||1829||Maria Beatrice was the daughter of Ercole (Hercules) III d'Este Duke of Modena (1727-1803). Duke Ercole signed a treaty in1763 with Ferdinand Karl's mother Empress Maria Theresa (1717-1780) engaging the nine-year old Ferdinand to his only daughter Maria Beatrice, thereby making him his heir. However in 1796 a French invasion forced Duke Ercole to flee to Venice. Following the death of Duke Ercole in 1803 his son-in-law Archduke Ferdinand Karl became Titular Duke of Modena. In 1814 Ferdinand Karl's son Francis IV was recognised by the 1814/1815 Congress of Vienna as Duke of Modena (Ferdinand Karl having died in 1806 was deprived the opportunity to rule in Modena). Ferdinand Karl was a sister of the famed Marie Antoinette (1755-1793) of Austria who along with her husband King Louis XVI (1754-1793) of France were executed by guillotine in 1793 (albeit nine months apart).|
|47.1||Archduke||Josef Franz of Austria-Este (Modena Line)||1772||1772|
|47.2||Archduchess||Maria Theresia of Austria-Este (Modena Line)||1773||1832||King||Vittorio Emanuele I of Sardinia||1759||1824||Vittorio Emanuele was King of Sardinia from 1802 to 1821 having succeeded his elder brother Charles Emmanuel IV (1751-1819) who had abdicated following the death of his wife Princess Clothilde of France (1759-1802).Clothilde was a sister of King Charles X Philippe of France (1757-1836).
Vittorio Emanuele following revolutions in Sardinia in 1821 abdicated in favour of his brother, Charles Felix.
Vittorio Emanuele succeeded his brother Charles Emmanuel as Heir-Gen of Charles I, King of England (i.e. heir to the Jacobite claim to the throne of Great Britain)
|47.21||Princess||Maria Beatrice of Savoy||1792||1840||Archduke||Francis of Austria-Este (Modena Line) (Duke Francis IV of Modena)||1779||1846||See 47.5 - Maria Beatrice succeeded her father Vittorio Emanuele as Heir-Gen of Charles I, King of England (i.e. heir to the Jacobite claim to the throne of Great Britain)|
|47.22||Princess||Marie Adelaide of Savoy||1794||1802|
|47.23||Prince||Carlo Emanuele of Savoy||1796||1799|
|47.24||a daughter of Savoy||1800||1801|
|47.25||Princess||Maria Teresa of Savoy||1803||1879||Duke||Carlo II of Parma||1799||1883||Carlos II was a grandson to Ferdinand (1751-1802) who had been Duke of Parma before it was overrun by Napoleon Bonaparte's French troops in 1796.
Napoléon's wife Marie Louise was Duchess of Parma from 1815 until her death having been given this as financial support as her husband was exiled in St Helena. Following Marie Louise's death in Duchy in 1847 the Duchy of Parma was restored to the Bourbon-Parma line in the person of Carlo II
|47.251||Princess||Luisa Francesca of Parma||1821||1823|
|47.252||Duke||Carlo III of Bourbon-Parma||1823||1854||Princess||Louise Marie Thérèse of France||1819||1864||See 37.513 - Carlo III and Louise Marie Thérèse were the parents of Duke Roberto I of Bourbon-Parma.
Carlo III was assassinated and there are conflicting accounts surrounding the assassination. One of the accounts is that he had entered a wine shop frequented by "lowlife individuals" and had got into an argument with a soldier who retaliated by fatally stabbing the Duke with his short sword.
Another version of the assassination is that the Duke was out for a walk and on the way back to his palace was accosted by an individual who stabbed him with a stiletto.
A person by the name of Antonia Carra wrote a letter from New York not long after the assassination in which he admitted he had murdered Duke Carlo.
It was reported in 1887 that Antonia Carra had died in a hospital in Philadelphia.
|47.26||Princess||Maria Anna of Savoy||1803||1884||Emperor||Ferdinand I of Austria||1793||1875||See 19.3 - An interesting The New York Times article on three of the daughters of King Vittorio Emanuele I of Sardinia and the uncomplimentary remarks regarding their respective husbands|
|47.27||Princess||Maria Cristina of Savoy||1812||1836||King||Ferdinando II "King Bomba" of Bourbon-Two Sicilies||1810||1859||See 37.55|
|47.3||Archduchess||Josephine Ferdinanda of Austria-Este (Modena Line)||1775||1777|
|47.4||Archduchess||Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Este (Modena Line)||1776||1848||Elector||Karl Theodor of Bavaria||1724||1799||Karl Theodor was succeeded as Elector of Bavaria by his very distant cousin
Maximilian, Duke of Zweibruken who later became the first King of Bavaria.
Maria Leopoldine was coerced into marrying Karl Theodor. There was a 52 year age gap between them when they married in 1795, Karl Theodor was 71 at the time.
|47.4||Archduchess||Maria Leopoldine of Austria-Este (Modena Line)||1776||1848||Count||Ludwig von Arco||1773||1854||Maria Leopoldine bought
Schloss Zinneberg in 1827 which presumably is how Zinneberg was added to the name of Arco (i.e. Arco-Zinneberg) for her second son Maximilian and his descendants).
Maria Leopoldine was in a coach travelling to Salzburg which overturned and she was thrown out. Initially it was thought she was not seriously injured but she died shortly afterwards from internal bleeding and a punctured lung.
Maria Leopoldine's second son Maximilian sold Schloss Zinneberg in 1850.
|47.41||Count||Aloys von Arco||1808||1891||Irene Mkgfn u.Gfn Pallavicini||1811||1877|
|47.41||Count||Aloys von Arco||1808||1891||Pauline Oswald||1851||1902|
|47.42||Count||Maximilian von Arco-Zinneberg||1811||1885||Countess||Leopoldine von Waldburg zu Zeil und Trauchburg||1811||1886|
|47.421||Countess||Marie von Arco-Zinneberg||1834||1892||Count||Karl Wenzeslaus zu Leiningen||1823||1900|
|47.422||Countess||Therese von Arco-Zinneberg||1835||1906||Count||Maximilian von Loë||1817||1879||To be expanded out to link to grandson Count Felix von Loë (see 44.3211)|
|47.423||Countess||Sophie von Arco-Zinneberg||1836||1909||Prince||Franz von Waldburg zu Wolfegg und Waldsee||1833||1906|
|47.424||Countess||Helene von Arco-Zinneberg||1837||1897||Baron||Heinrich von und zu Franckenstein||1826||1883|
|47.425||Count||Ludwig von Arco-Zinneberg||1840||1882||Countess||Adolfine von Schaesberg||1854||1874||To be expanded out - a decendant is Baron Twickel 11.2115311|
|47.425||Count||Ludwig von Arco-Zinneberg||1840||1882||Princess||Josephine von Lobkowitz||1853||1898|
|47.42533||Countess||Marie-Gabrielle von Arco-Zinneberg||1910||1987||Count||Anton von Arco auf Valley||1897||1945||Count Anton on 21 February 1919 assassinated Kurt Eisner the first prime minister of the Republic of Bavaria. It was Eisner who led a socialist revolution which unseated the Bavarian monarchy.
Count Anton was originally sentenced to death which shortly afterwards was commuted to life imprisonment.
Count Arco was subsquently released in 1927
|47.426||Count||Karl von Arco-Zinneberg||1841||1873||Countess||Mathilde Wolff Metternich zur Gracht||1840||1925|
|47.427||Countess||Irene von Arco-Zinneberg||1842||1917||Count||Friedrich von Oberndorff||1829||1913|
|47.428||Countess||Anna von Arco-Zinneberg||1844||1927||Count||Alfred zu Stolberg-Stolberg||1835||1880|
|47.429||Countess||Mechtild von Arco-Zinneberg||1845||1874||Count||Ferdinand von Bissingen und Nippenburg||1837||1919|
|47.42J||Count||Nikoalus von Arco-Zinneberg||1848||1870|
|47.42K||Count||Maximilian von Arco-Zinneberg||1850||1916||Baroness||Olga von Werther||1853||1937|
|47.42L||Count||Franz von Arco-Zinneberg||1851||1914|
|47.42M||Countess||Christiane von Arco-Zinneberg||1852||1923||Count||Konrad von Preysing-Lichtenegg-Moos||1843||1903|
|47.43||Countess||Caroline von Arco||1814||1815|
|47.5||Archduke||Francis of Austria-Este (Modena Line) (Duke Francis IV of Modena)||1779||1846||Princess||Maria Beatrice of Savoy||1792||1840||See 47.21 - Maria Beatrice succeeded her father Vittorio Emanuele as Heir-Gen of Charles I, King of England (i.e. heir to the Jacobite claim to the throne of Great Britain)|
|47.51||Archduchess||Marie Thérese of Austria (Modena Line)||1817||1886||Prince||Henri of France (HENRI V) Duke of Bordeaux, Count of Chambord||1820||1883||See
The marriage of the Duke of Bordeaux to Marie Thérese was somewhat indignantly received by King Louis-Philippe I of the French.
An account of the Duke of Bordeaux requesting the hand of Marie Thérese in marriage.
An interesting article on the Count of Chambord and his Castle of Frohsdorff.
Report on the death of Marie Therese.
The New York Time report of the death of Henri (HENRI V), Duke of Bordeaux, Count of Chambord Marie Therese had a crypt built in the Church of Kostanjevica in Slovenia so that the remains of the last Bourbons could all be gathered togther.
Six members of the Bourbons are in the crypt, namely
I. Marie Thérese
2. her husband, Henri , Count of Chambord
3. Henri's grandfather Charles X (1757-1836) King of France (1824-1830)
4. Henri's uncle Louis XIX (1775-1844), Duke of Angouleme, the oldest son of Charles X
5. Louis XIX's wife Marie Thérese Charlotte (1778-1851), who was a daughter of Charles X's elder brother King Louis XVI (Louis XVI along with his wife Marie Antoinette were guillotined in 1793, but nine months apart)
6. Henri's sister Louise Marie Thérese (1819-1864) wife of Charles III, Duke of Parma
Was Henri, Count of Chambord illegitimate
|47.52||Archduke||Francis of Austria-Este (Modena Line) (Duke Francis V of Modena)||1819||1875||Princess||Adelgunde of Bavaria||1823||1914||See
18.16 - Francis lost his duchy when Modena was incorporated into the new Italian state in 1860.
Death announcement of Archduke Francis
Francis left the bulk of his large estate to his cousin Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria who subsequently used the title Archduke of Austria-Este.
Another newspaper article on the death of Archduke Francis mentioned he died childless and intestate, and his great fortune, amounting to nearly £7,500,000; will, it is stated, be divided into three shares, one going-to the Comtesse de Chambord, who is already rich, another to the mother of Don Carlos, and a third to a niece of the Archduke.
Was he the richest man in the World? This article seems to mix up Francis with his father also named Francis?
Francis succeeded his mother Maria Beatrice as Heir-Gen of Charles I, King of England (i.e. heir to the Jacobite claim to the throne of Great Britain).
An article appeared in April 1910 which reported the outcome of a possible diplomatic situation which occurred in 1873 in the run up to the opening of the World Fair in Vienna. Duke Francis (or Franz) was usurping his "Stuart" rights to be the Great Britain representative at the World Fair instead of the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII).
|47.521||Archduchess||Anna Beatrice of Austria (Modena Line)||1848||1849|
|47.53||Archduke||Ferdinand of Austria-Este (Modena Line)||1821||1849||Archduchess||Elisabeth of Austria (Hungarian Line)||1831||1903||See
21.6 - The New York Time report on the death of
This article mentions Archduchess Elisabeth and her first husband Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Este (Modena Line) had no issue, in fact they had a daughter
|47.531||Archduchess||Marie Theresa of Austria-Este (Modena Line)||1849||1919||King||Ludwig III of Bavaria||1845||1921||See
18.151 - Ludwig succeeded his father Luitpold as Regent of Bavaria and became
King of Bavaria on 5 November 1913 following the removal of his cousin Otto II who was deemed to be mad. Ludwig was the last King of Bavaria, he was deposed by a communist uprising on 7/8 November 1918 and left for exile in Austria.
Marie Theresa succeeded her paternal uncle Duke Francis V of Modena as Heir-Gen of Charles I, King of England (i.e. heir to the Jacobite claim to the throne of Great Britain).
An undated and unsigned notice was published on the death of Queen Victoria denouncing her son Edward as a usurper following his succession as King. The notice indicated it was published on the authority of Marie Theresa as rightful Queen Mary the Fourth
|47.54||Archduchess||Beatrix of Austria-Este (Modena Line)||1824||1906||Infant||Juan Carlos of Spain (Count de Montizon)||1822||1887||See
Infant Juan Carlos was a Carlist pretender to the throne of Spain.
Death Registration of Infant Juan Carlos
|47.6||Archduke||Ferdinand Karl of Austria-Este (Modena Line)||1781||1850|
|47.7||Archduke||Maximilian Joseph of Austria-Este (Modena Line)||1782||1863|
|47.8||Archduke||Maria Antonia of Austria-Este (Modena Line)||1784||1786|
|47.9||Archduke||Karl Ambrosius of Austria-Este (Modena Line)||1785||1809|
|47.J||Archduchess||Maria Ludowika of Austia-Este (Modena)||1787||1816||Emperor||Franz I of Austria||1768||1835||See 19 - Franz assumed the title of Emperor of Austria on 11 August 1804 and on 6 August 1806 became the last Holy Roman Emperor on its dissolution|