|38||Duke||Roberto I of Bourbon-Parma||1848||1907||Princess||Maria Pia delle Grazie of Bourbon-Two Sicilies||1849||1882||See
37.559 - The House of Bourbon-Parma was established (1731) in the duchy of Parma and Piacenza when Isabella (Elizabeth) Farnese (1692-1766) wife of King Philip V of Spain transmitted her rights to Parma to her son Carlos (1716-1788). Isabella Farnese was a niece to Antonio Farnese (1679-1731) the eighth and final Farnese Duke of Parma and Piacenza.
Carlos became King of Spain in 1759 and his younger brother Phillip (1720-1765) succeeded him as the Duke of Parma and through him derives the present house of Bourbon Parma.
Roberta was the son of Duke Carlo III of Bourbon-Parma (1823-1854) and Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France (1819-1864).
Roberto was overthrown in 1860 following the annexation of the Duchy of Parma to the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1859. Princess Maria Pia died in childbirth of her daughter Princess Augusto.
A not particularly kind article on Roberta and his twenty four children (the article actually mentions twenty children).
|38||Duke||Roberto I of Bourbon-Parma||1848||1907||Infanta||Maria Antónia of Portugal||1862||1959||See
12.77 - Roberto was overthrown in 1859 following the annexation of the Duchy of Parma to the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1859.
Death announcement of Duke Roberto which mentions he left an estimated fortune of forty million dollars ($40 million) and was a father of twenty one (21) children. Roberto actually had twenty four (24) children of which two died in their infancy and a third was stillborn.
Another announcement on the death of Duke Roberto
|38.1||Princess||Maria Luisa of Bourbon-Parma||1870||1899||King||Ferdinand I of Bulgaria||1861||1948||See
Ferdinand was born Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, he was elected
Prince of Bulgaria 7 July 1887 and proclaimed himself King (Tsar) of Bulgaria on 5 October 1908. Ferdinand was forced to abdicate in favour of his son Boris on 3 October 1918 following Bulgaria's defeat in World War I and he left Bulgaria to spend most of the rest of his life at Coburg, Germany.
(Note: Bulgaria for centuries had been a province of the Ottoman Empire and in 1875 there was an abortive uprising of the Bulgarians against Turkish Rule. Russia invaded and defeated Turkey and by 1879 Bulgaria was granted autonomy under the Treaty of San Stefano. Prince Alexander of Battenberg was elected Prince of Bulgaria on 29 April 1879 and after strong pressure from Russia was forced to abdicate on 4 September 1886).
Wedding report of Prince (wasn't King at time of his marriage) Ferdinand of Bulgaria and Princess Maria Luisa
It was reported in 1896 that Maria Luisa wanted an annulment of her marriage to Ferdinand because of his intention to re-baptise his son Boris into the Greek Orthodox Church.
If that wasn't enough, Ferdinand's mother Princess Clementine of Orleans was threatening to abandon his cause in Bulgaria if he persisted with the re-baptism of Boris.
Maria Luisa fell victim to pneumonia and died 24 hours after the birth of her daughter Nadejda.
New York Times Report on Ferdinand's aim to be King
Death report of King Ferdinand
Death report of Princess Maria Luisa
|38.2||Prince||Ferdinando of Bourbon-Parma||1871||1872|
|38.3||Princess||Luisa of Bourbon-Parma||1872||1943|
|38.4||Duke||Enrico of Bourbon-Parma||1873||1939||Enrico (translates to Henry) was Titular pretender of Parma from 1907 to 1939 following the death of his father Duke Roberto I.|
|38.5||Princess||Maria Immacolata of Bourbon-Parma||1874||1914|
|38.6||Duke||Giuseppe (translates to Joseph) of Bourbon-Parma||1875||1950||Giuseppe (translates to Joseph) was Titular pretender to the throne of Parma from 1939 to 1950 following the death of his brother Enrico|
|38.7||Princess||Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Parma||1876||1959|
|38.8||Princess||Maria Pia of Bourbon-Parma||1877||1915|
|38.9||Princess||Beatrice of Bourbon-Parma||1879||1946||Count||Pietro Luchesi Palli||1870||1939||Pietro was the son of Count Adinolfo Lucchesi Palli (1840 - 1911) who in turn was the son of
Count Ettore Lucchesi Palli and his wife Princess Maria Carolina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Wedding photograph of Count Pietro and Princess Beatrice
|38.J||Duke||Elias of Bourbon-Parma||1880||1959||Archduchess||Maria Anna of Austria (Teschen Line)||1882||1940||See 44.322 - Elias was Titular pretender to the throne of Parma from 1950 to 1959 following the death of his brother Giuseppe (translates to Joseph)|
|38.J1||Princess||Elisabeth of Bourbon-Parma||1904||1983|
|38.J2||Prince||Carlo of Bourbon-Parma||1905||1912|
|38.J3||Princess||Maria of Bourbon-Parma||1906||1994|
|38.J4||Duke||Roberto II of Bourbon-Parma||1909||1974||Roberto was Titular pretender to the throne of Parma from 1959 to 1974 following the death of his father Elias|
|38.J5||Prince||Francesco of Bourbon-Parma||1913||1939|
|38.J6||Princess||Giovanna of Bourbon-Parma||1916||1949||Giovanna was killed in a shooting accident in La Toledana, Spain|
|38.J7||Princess||Alice of Bourbon-Parma||1917||2017||Prince||Alfonso of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Duke of Calabria and Count of Caserta) (Infante of Spain)||1901||1964||See
37.55421 - Alphonso lay claim
to the Head of the Royal House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies on the death of his uncle
Prince Ferdinando of
Bourbon-Two Sicilies (Duke of Calabria), and also assumed the title of Duke of
A short article relating to the proposed marriage of Alice and Alfonso and a second article on the marriage.
|38.J8||Princess||Maria Cristina of Bourbon-Parma||1925||2009|
|38.K||Princess||Maria Anastasia of Bourbon-Parma||1881||1881|
|38.L||Princess||Augusto of Bourbon-Parma||1882||1882|
|38.M||Princess||Maria della Neve Adelaide of Bourbon-Parma||1885||1959||Princess Maria della Neve Adelaide became a nun at the Benedictine Convent of St. Cecilia at Ryde, Isle of Wight. She was one of three sisters who became a nun at the same convent.|
|38.N||Prince||Sisto "Sixte" of Bourbon-Parma||1886||1934||Hedwige de la Rochefoucauld||1896||1986||Hedwige was a daughter of Armand de la Rochefoucauld, 5th Duke of Doudeauville
New York Time report of the wedding of Prince Sixte and Hedwige.
Sixte was involved in secret discussions to try and stop the continuation of the First World War.
A brief report on the death and times of Prince Sixte.
|38.N1||Princess||Isabelle Marie of Bourbon-Parma||1922||2015||Count||Roger de La Rochefoucauld||1915||1970||Roger de La Rochefoucauld was killed in plane wreck nr St-Germain-les-Paroisses|
|38.O||Duke||Francesco Saverio "Xavier" of Bourbon-Parma||1889||1977||Madeleine de Bourbon-Bussett||1898||1984||Xavier was Titular pretender to the throne of Parma from 1974 to 1977 following the death of his nephew Roberto.
The Bourbon-Bussett descend in the male line from a possible illegitimate son of Louis de Bourbon (1438-1482) Prince-Bishopric of Liège
|38.O1||Princess||Marie Françoise of Bourbon-Parma||1928||Prince||Eduard von Lobkowicz||1926||2010|
|38.O2||Prince||Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma (Duke of Parma)||1930||2010||Princess||Irene of the Netherlands||1939||See
9.11412 - Carlos was naturalised in Spain on 5 January 1979 by Royal Decree. Irene renounced her rights
of succession to the Netherlands throne on 29 April 1964 following her marriage to Prince Carlos.
The Australian Women's Weekly (1933 - 1982) report on the marriage of Prince Carlos and Princess Irene
Carlos was expelled from Spain in 1968 for alleged political activity against the regime of General Franco. Carlos's father Xavier until his death in 1077 was the Carlist claimant to the throne of Spain
|38.O21||Prince||Carlos of Bourbon-Parma (Duke of Parma)||1970||Annemarie Gualthérie van Weezel||1977||Carlos is the present Head of the Royal House of Bourbon-Parma.|
|38.O211||Princess||Luisa Irene of Bourbon-Parma||2012|
|38.O212||Princess||Cecilia Maria Johanna Beatrix||2013|
|38.O22||Prince||Jaime of Bourbon-Parma (Count of Bardi)||1972||Viktória Cservenyák||1982||Prince Jaime and Princess Marguerita are twins|
|38.O221||Princess||Zita Clara of Bourbon-Parma||2014|
|38.O23||Princess||Marguerita of Bourbon-Parma (Countess of Colorna)||1972||Edwin Karel Willem de Roy van Zuydewijn||1966||Prince Jaime and Princess Marguerita are twins|
|38.O23||Princess||Marguerita of Bourbon-Parma (Countess of Colorna)||1972||Tjalling ten Cate||1975||Prince Jaime and Princess Marguerita are twins|
|38.O231||Julia Carolina Catharina ten Cate||2008|
|38.O232||Paola Cecilia Laurentien ten Cate||2011|
|38.O24||Princess||Marie Caroline of Bourbon-Parma (Marchioness of Sala)||1974||Albert Brenninkmeijer||1974|
|38.O3||Princess||Marie Thérèse of Bourbon-Parma||1933||2020||Marie Thérèse is the first "Royal" to die from coronavirus Covid-19|
|38.O4||Princess||Cécile Marie of Bourbon-Parma||1935|
|38.O5||Princess||Marie-des-Neiges of Bourbon-Parma||1937|
|38.O6||Prince||Sixte Henri of Bourbon-Parma||1940|
|38.P||Princess||Francesca of Bourbon-Parma||1890||1978||Princess Francesca in 1915 became a nun at the Benedictine Convent of St. Cecilia at Ryde, Isle of Wight. She was one of three sisters who became a nun at the same convent.|
|38.Q||Princess||Zita of Bourbon-Parma||1892||1989||Emperor||Karl of Austria||1887||1922||See
19.J321 - Princess Zita was educated at the Benedictine Convent of St. Cecilia at Ryde, Isle of Wight, where three of her sisters were
Karl signed a proclamation 11 November 1918 in which he relinquished participation in the administration of the Austrian State. It should be noted that he signed a proclamation rather his abdication. For further reading please click here
A very uncomplimentary newspaper report regarding the intended marriage and respective families of Karl and Zita.
New York Time obituary on Emperor Karl
New York Time obituary on Empress Zita
|38.R||Prince||Felix of Bourbon-Parma||1893||1970||Grand Duchess||Charlotte of Luxemburg||1896||1985||See
34.22 - Grand Duchess Charlotte abdicated on 12 November 1964 after a 45 year reign and was succeeded by her son Jean.
A very brief report on the wedding of Grand Duchess Charlotte and Prince Felix
|38.S||Prince||René of Bourbon-Parma||1894||1962||Princess||Margrethe of Denmark||1895||1992||See
2.65 - An interesting situation occurred in 1953. Prince René had been involved in two motor car accidents apparently whilst under the influence of alcohol and has he had immunity from Danish law it was left to his wife's cousin King Frederik IX of Denmark to use his Royal prerogative to forbid Prince Rene to drive a car for a year.
Announcement of the engagement of Prince René and Princess Margrethe.
|38.S1||Prince||Jacques of Bourbon-Parma||1922||1964||Countess||Birgitte von Holstein-Ledreborg||1922||2009||Jacques was killed in a car accident outside Roskilde, Denmark, further details on
Birgitte is a sister of
Count Knud von Holstein-Ledreborg.
An interesting family tree for the Counts von Holstein-Ledreborg can be found
Even a Prince and his future wife had difficulty in finding a home to live before their marriage.
|38.S11||Prince||Philipp Georg of Bourbon-Parma||1949||Annette Smith||1955|
|38.S111||Prince||Jacques Carl of Bourbon-Parma||1986|
|38.S112||Prince||Joseph Axel of Bourbon-Parma||1989||Anna Louise Bøgeløv Budd||?|
|38.S12||Princess||Lorraine Charlotte of Bourbon-Parma||1951|
|38.S13||Prince||Alain Johann of Bourbon-Parma||1955||Inge Birgitte Andersen||1948|
|38.S2||Princess||Anne of Bourbon-Parma||1923||2016||King||Michael of Roumania||1921||2017||See
6.1212 - Michael succeeded his grandfather Ferdinand I as King of Roumania in 1927. However, his father
reneged on his earlier renunciation to the rights to the Roumanian throne and Michael's position as King was usurped by Carol who became King in 1930.
Carol was eventually deposed in 1940 and Michael returned to the throne for the second time. Michael was forced to abdicate in December 1947 by the
King Michael signed the "Fundamental Rules Of The Royal Family Of Romania" document on 30 December 2007, this laid out the Membership of the Royal House of Romania and the Line of Succession to the Throne and to the Headship of the Royal House of Romania. It specifically mentions Margarita being created Crown Princess of Romania, her husband Radu as His Royal Highness Radu, Prince of Romania (ad personam) and Nicholas de Roumanie Medforth-Mills, who shall assume the title, style and rank of Prince of Romania and Royal Highness on 1 April 2010, upon his 25th birthday.
The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) brief report on the marriage of Princess Anne and King Michael.
On August 1, 2015, King Michael signed a document removing the title Prince of Romania and the qualification of Royal Highness from his grandson, Nicholas. Nicholas has also been removed from the line of succession. It would seem the "Fundamental Rules Of The Royal Family Of Romania" was abrogated at the same time. One can speculate as to the reason for the removal.
|38.S3||Prince||Michael of Bourbon-Parma||1926||2018||Princess||Yolande de Broglie-Revel||1928||2014||Princess Yolande de Broglie-Revel belongs to the junior line of the House of Broglie. Her ancestor was Prince Joseph de Broglie-Revel (1762-1795) ninth child of Victor François 2nd Duc de Broglie (1718-1804) . A brief report on the wedding of Prince Michael and Princess Yolande|
|38.S3||Prince||Michael of Bourbon-Parma||1926||2018||Princess||Maria Pia of Savoy||1934||See 8.12131 - Obituary on Prince Michael which includes in detail his war time heroism|
|38.S31||Princess||Inès Marie of Bourbon-Parma||1952||1981||Princess Inès Marie died from a drug overdose
Death Registration of Princess Inès Marie
|38.S32||Prince||Eric of Bourbon-Parma||1953||2021||Countess||Lydia von Holstein-Ledreborg||1955||See 34.2242|
|38.S321||Princess||Antoinia Monique of Bourbon-Parma||1981||Martin Krusbæk||1982|
|38.S322||Princess||Marie Gabrielle of Bourbon-Parma||1982|
|38.S323||Princess||Alexia Thérèse of Bourbon-Parma||1985||Fabian Davis||1984|
|38.S324||Prince||Michel Knud of Bourbon-Parma||1989|
|38.S325||Prince||Henri Luitpold of Bourbon-Parma||1991||Archduchess||Gabriella of Austria||1994||See 19.J321535|
|38.S33||Princess||Sybil Marie of Bourbon-Parma||1954||Craig Richards||1962||Birth Registration of Craig Richards|
|38.S34||Princess||Victoire Maria of Bourbon-Parma||1957||2001||Baron||Ernst von Gecmen Waldek||1943|
|38.S34||Princess||Victoire Maria of Bourbon-Parma||1957||2001||Carlos Ernesto Rodriguez||1956|
|38.S35||Prince||Charles Emmanuel of Bourbon-Parma||1961||Constance de Ravinel||1970|
|38.S351||Prince||Amaury of Bourbon-Parma||1991|
|38.S352||Princess||Charlotte of Bourbon-Parma||1993|
|38.S353||Princess||Elisabeth of Bourbon-Parma||1996|
|38.S354||Princess||Zita of Bourbon-Parma||1999|
|38.S4||Prince||André Marie of Bourbon-Parma||1928||2011||Marina Gacry||1935|
|38.T||Princess||Maria Antonia of Bourbon-Parma||1895||1937||Princess Maria Antonia became a nun at the Benedictine Convent of St. Cecilia at Ryde, Isle of Wight. She was one of three sisters who became a nun at the same convent.|
|38.U||Princess||Isabella of Bourbon-Parma||1898||1984|
|38.V||Prince||Louis of Bourbon-Parma||1899||1967||Princess||Maria of Savoy||1914||2001||See
8.1215 - A report on the marriage of Louis and
The article also mentions Maria was formerly "provisionally" engaged to the Archduke Otto, the Austro-Hungarian Pretender, on condition that he regained his throne.
Not forgetting that Louis was an uncle of the Archduke Otto
|38.V1||Prince||Guido "Guy" of Bourbon-Parma||1940||1991||Brigitte Peu-Duvallon||1943||1993|
|38.V11||Prince||Louis of Bourbon-Parma||1966||Ariane Nicolet||1966|
|38.V2||Prince||Remigio "Rémy" of Bourbon-Parma||1942||Laurence Dufresne d'Arganchy||1951|
|38.V2||Prince||Remigio "Rémy" of Bourbon-Parma||1942||Elisabeth Tardif||1954|
|38.V21||Prince||Tristan of Bourbon-Parma||1974||Shira Szabo||1979|
|38.V22||Princess||Aude of Bourbon-Parma||1977|
|38.V3||Princess||Chantel of Bourbon-Parma||1946||Panayotis Skinas||1937|
|38.V3||Princess||Chantel of Bourbon-Parma||1946||Francois Henri des Georges||1941|
|38.V31||Helene Skinas||1978||Birth registration of Helene Skinas|
|38.V32||Alexandre Skinas||1980||Birth registration of Alexandre Skinas|
|38.V4||Prince||Jean of Bourbon-Parma||1961||Virginia Roatta||1964|
|38.V41||Prince||Arnaud of Bourbon-Parma||1989|
|38.V42||Prince||Christophe of Bourbon-Parma||1991|
|38.W||Princess||Enrichetta (Henriette) Anna of Bourbon-Parma||1903||1987|
|38.X||Prince||Gaetano "Gaetan" of Bourbon-Parma||1905||1958||Princess||Margarete of Thurn and Taxis||1909||2006||Margarete was a sister of Prince Raimundo della Torre e Tasso (2 nd Duca di Castel Duino)|
|38.X1||Princess||Diane Marguerite of Bourbon-Parma||1932||2020||Prince||Franz Joseph of Hohenzollern||1926||1996||See
Marriage Registration of Franz Joseph and Diane Marguerite
|38.X1||Princess||Diane Marguerite of Bourbon-Parma||1932||2020||Hans Joachim Oehmichen||1920||1995|