(I freely acknowledge that the information on this Web page is based on the
"FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FOR ALT.TALK.ROYALTY
-- ROYAL & NOBLE FAMILIES OF THE WORLD -- Section 10 Last Updated 10 Apr 2019"
The list shows first, the present day claimant followed by the formerly-reigning monarch and the year in which they ceased to reign.
In some instances, there are two claimants.
- Leka II, Titular King of the Albanians (1982- )
- 1946: when the monarchy was abolished
(not regnant after 1815)
(not regnant after 1815)
(d) Hesse and by Rhine
- the line of Landgraves of Hesse-Homburg became extinct in 1866 with the death of Landgrave Ferdinand of Hesse-Homburg (1783-1866)
The position regarding Lippe is quite complex but the majority of the Lippe family consider Armin to be the head of the Lippe House. Armin was the
youngest son of the last reiging prince of Lippe, Leopold IV.
- the Princes of Lippe Detmold became extinct in the male line in 1905 with the death of Prince Karl
Alexander of Lippe-Detmold (1831-1905)
- Armin, Titular Prince of Lippe (1924-2015)
- Friedrich Wilhelm of Lippe, Titular Prince of Lippe (1947-)
- 1918: when Leopold IV (1871-1949), Prince of Lippe abdicated
On several occassions I have requested François Velde the editor of
"FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS FOR ALT.TALK.ROYALTY -- ROYAL & NOBLE FAMILIES OF THE WORLD"
to arrange update of this document to reflect the two claiments.
- Georg Friedrich, Prince of Prussia (Georg Friedrich, Titular German Emperor,
King of Prussia, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg) (b. 1976)
by virtue of a 1442 succession pact, the claim to Mecklenburg reverted
to the margraves of Brandenburg on extinction of the dynasty in 2001
(House of Habsburg-Lorraine)
I. Reuss Elder Line (Reuss-Greiz)
II. Reuss Younger Line
- Heinrich IV, Titular Fürst Reuss (1919-) (on his father's death 1946
but not fully recognized as such until 1962 with effect from 1953)
Reproduced below is a posting from
"The German-Austrian Royals Message Board" (GARMB) by Sam Dotson on 4/1/2006. I'm grateful to Sam and also Anuschka the GARMB administrator for their permission to include the posting on my Web Site.
(Note: "The German-Austrian Royals Message Board" (GARMB) is no longer in being.)
The last reigning Fürst Reuß j.L. was Heinrich XXVII, who died 1928. He was succeeded by his son Heinrich XLV, who went missing at the end of World War II (autumn 1945). Heinrich XLV was not "officially" declared dead by a court at Büdingen until 1962; the ruling had effect as of 1953. As a consequence, no one could rightfully "succeed" Heinrich XLV until he had been declared dead. The next senior male in line after Heinrich XLV was Heinrich XXXIX (of the Ernstbrunn, Austria, line), who died in 1946 and was succeeded by his son Heinrich IV, who is still alive and is considered the Head of the House of Reuß with the title Fürst. But Heinrich IV did not "succeed" Heinrich XLV until 1962 (with effect from 1953) because until then, Heinrich XLV was still alive - "officially".
Complicating this straightforward succession is the fact that Heinrich XLV adopted Pr. Heinrich I (1910-1982) as his heir for inheritance purposes (not for purposes of Head of House). Pr. Heinrich I's eldest surviving son is Pr. Heinrich VIII (born 1944). The latter is heir of the goods of Heinrich XLV, but not Head of the House of Reuß, and does not beat the title "Fürst".
- Margarita , Ccustodian of the Romanian Crown of Roumania (1949- )
- 1947: when King Michael was forced to abdicate
- Saxon duchies
- Michael-Benedict, Prince of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Titular Grand Duke of
Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach) (1946- )
- 1918: when Wilhelm Ernst (1876-1923), Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach lost the throne
(d) Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
- the Ducal House of Saxe-Altenburg became extinct in 1991 with the death of Prince George Moritz of Saxe-Altenburg (1900-1991)
- 1918: when Ernst II, (1871-1955) Duke of Saxe-Altenburg renounced the throne
- Andreas, Titular Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1943- )
- 1918: when Karl Eduard, (1884 -1954) Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha abdicated
(not regnant since the 17th c. but listed because of its branches
in Russia, Oldenburg and Denmark)
- 1931: when the Augustenburg line of the family became extinct with the death of Duke Albert of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (1869-1931)
The succession of the House of Schwarzburg is quite complicated and here is a detailed explanation of the
House Laws of Schwarzburg.
- 1909: when the male line of
Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen became extinct with the death of Prince Karl Günther of
- 1918: when Gunther, Prince of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (1853-1925) abdicated
- 1971: the Princely House of Schwarzburg became extinct in the male line with the death of
Prince Friedrich Gunther of Schwarzburg (1901-1971)
Note: Schwarzburg had semi-Salic succession, so a potential claimant would be
Friedrich Magnus, Graf zu Solms- Wildenfels, (1927- ) via his mother
Princess Marie-Antoinette of Schwarzburg (1898-1984)
- Two Sicilies
- Waldeck and Pyrmont
- On 31 May 1961, by written declaration, Archduke Otto (Archduke Karl's father) renounced
his rights to the Austrian throne as well as his membership in
the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and declared himself to be a
citizen of Austria. This 'political fiction' was done for
the benefit of the Austrian republic and to allow Otto to
journey to Austria whenever he so wished. This "renunciation"
was viewed as such and understood for what it was by the members
of the Imperial family. (Les Manuscrits du C.E.D.R.E.: L'Empire
d'Autriche, volume III, 1991, page 69.)
On 12 April 1994, Leopold III, Titular Grand Duke of Tuscany,
abdicated as Titular Grand Duke in favor of his
elder son, Archduke Sigismund; his civil remarriage after a
divorce conflicted with heading the Roman Catholic order of
Last Updated on 31 March 2023
By Allan Raymond
Return to the Monarchies of Europe Home Page